Электронная библиотека астронома-любителя. Книги по астрономии, телескопостроению, оптике.


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Февраль 1999
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    Архив RU.SPACE.NEWS за 02 февраля 1999


    Дата: 02 февраля 1999 (1999-02-02) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Galileo начинает свою последнюю серию встреч со спутниками Юпитера Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... Galileo начинает свою последнюю серию встреч со спутниками Юпитера Почти десять лет длится полет космического зонда Galileo (он был запущен "шаттлом" Atlantis в 1989 г.). За это время пройдено более 800 млн км. А вчера началась последняя серия встреч Galileo с 16 спутниками Юпитера, последним из которых будет Ио. Для ведения исследований на Galileo установлены 4 фотокамеры и другое оборудование. После выполнения этой миссии в конце 1999 г. Galileo, возможно, будет выведен на орбиту вокруг Юпитера, а, может быть, по команде с Земли он врежется в поверхность Юпитера или одной из его лун. Hо каков бы ни был конец Galileo, он уже занял видное место в истории исследования космического пространства. Источник: InfoArt News Agency Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 02 февраля 1999 (1999-02-02) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Hачал работу крупнейший в мире ИК-телескоп Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... Hачал работу крупнейший в мире ИК-телескоп В пятницу 29 января произошло официальное открытие крупнейшего в мире ИК-телескопа Subaru, построенного Японией на вершине вулкана Мауна-Ки на Гавайских островах. С помощью этого телескопа астрономы планируют заглянуть в некоторые до сих пор покрытые мраком уголки Вселенной. Зеркало телескопа имеет диаметр 8,2 м, его толщина составляет 20 см. Во избежание искажений изображений для сохранения формы зеркала служит специальная управляемая компьютером система, в которую входят датчики и 261 небольшой мотор. Эти двигатели позволяют смещать в нужном направлении отдельные участки зеркала для поддержания правильной формы его поверхности. Subaru - это не первая международная обсерватория установленная на вулкане Мауна-Ки высотой 4205 м. Здесь 325 ночей в году ясное небо, а воздух считается самым чистым на Земле. Источник: InfoArt News Agency Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 02 февраля 1999 (1999-02-02) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Запуск ракеты Atlas отложен из-за погодных условий Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... Запуск ракеты Atlas отложен из-за погодных условий [SpaceViews] Из-за плохих погодных условий отложен старт ракеты-носителя Lockheed Martin Atlas 2AS с японским телекоммуникационным спутником JCSAT-6 на борту (на рисунке показано, как он будет выглядеть в космосе). Запуск был намечен на 1 февраля в 3 ч 44 мин по московскому времени, однако из-за сильной облачности, дождя и ветра в верхних слоях атмосферы он был отложен на сутки. Метеорологи, правда, считают, что вероятность установления к тому времени хорошей погоды составляет 30%. Телекоммуникационный спутник JCSAT-6 будет работать на компанию Japan Satellite Systems и обслуживать Японию и азиатско-тихоокеанский регион. Этот спутник должны были запустить еще в середине января, но из-за проблем с системой телеметрии старт был отложен до конца месяца. Источник: InfoArt News Agency Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 02 февраля 1999 (1999-02-02) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Запуск ракеты Atlas отложен из-за погодных условий (картинка) Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... section 1 of 1 of file sv-02011.jpg < uuencode 5.32 by R.E.M. > begin 644 sv-02011.jpg M_]C_X``02D9)1@`!`0$`2`!(``#_VP!#``X*"PT+"0X-#`T0#PX1%B07%A04 M%BP@(1HD-"XW-C,N,C(Z05-&.CU./C(R2&))3E9875Y=.$5F;65:;%-;75G_ MVP!#`0\0$!83%BH7%RI9.S([65E965E965E965E965E965E965E965E965E9 M65E965E965E965E965E965E965E965G_P``1"`#O`,@#`2(``A$!`Q$!_\0` M'````@,!`0$!``````````````$"!08#!`<(_\0`-1```0,#`P,"!`4$`P`# M`````0`"$0,$(1(Q005181,B!G&!D10RH;'!(U+1X4)B\#-#<O_$`!H!`0$` M`P$!```````````````!`@,%!`;_Q``E$0`"`@$%``("`P$``````````0(# M$002(3%!!1,B<2,R0H'_V@`,`P$``A$#$0`_`/F\)@>XQE$F(DQO";9R[5!6 MQ(A$Y*DUA)\KM;&G3N:?KM#Z8=[Q/'T6MI4J%(`T*5-H.SFC/WW7JT^F^[/) MKMM5:RS*TNFW=82R@^-Y=[1]RO72Z*Z1ZU=K?#!J/\!7]9T".5P8)=)72K^. 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    Дата: 02 февраля 1999 (1999-02-02) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Today On Galileo - January 30, 1999 Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... TODAY ON GALILEO Saturday, 30 January 1999 Today at 4 pm PST [see Note 1], Galileo starts the eighth encounter of the Galileo Europa Mission. The encounter features a close flyby of Jupiter's icy moon Europa, the ninth in a series that started with the last flyby of Galileo's primary mission. This flyby is also the last Europa flyby of the Galileo Europa Mission, and will occur tomorrow, Sunday, just after 6 pm PST. The spacecraft will be executing encounter commands through next Wednesday, but most of the encounter activity takes place on Sunday and Monday. During this time, the spacecraft is approximately 836 million kilometers (519 million miles) from Earth. At that distance, it takes radio signals approximately 46 1/2 minutes to travel from the spacecraft to Earth. To kick off the encounter, the fields and particles instruments resume their survey of the inner portions of Jupiter's vast magnetosphere. This survey has been repeated for almost every encounter of Galileo's mission at Jupiter, allowing scientists to study the long term variations in the plasma, dust, and electric and magnetic fields that comprise the magnetosphere. The survey is scheduled to continue through Monday. Four remote sensing observations are performed today--two by the near-infrared mapping spectrometer and two by the ultraviolet spectrometer. Both near-infrared observations are designed to obtain measurements of the composition and thermal properties of Jupiter's atmosphere. Similar observations have been repeated during previous orbits, allowing the science community to map variations over time. By looking at the same location on Jupiter at different times, with different viewing geometries, it is possible to extract information on the properties of Jupiter's cloud layers. The depths of the different cloud layers, and their thickness, can be assessed in this way. The ultraviolet spectrometer takes the encounter's first look at Europa. Its first observation gathers measurements of Europa's surface that will give scientists clues as to how the surface has been affected by external phenomena such as meteors and high-energy particles which bombard the surface. In the second observation, the instrument will look for atmospheric emissions, which might be due to venting. Such outgassing events are an expected feature of ice volcanism. If detected, they would provide scientists with indirect evidence of internal activity within Europa, and would strengthen the case for liquid water there. For more information on the Galileo spacecraft and its mission to Jupiter, please visit the Galileo home page: http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/galileo Note 1. All times listed correspond to the Pacific Time zone (currently standard time) and spacecraft event time. Radio signals indicating that an event has occurred on the spacecraft reach the Earth 33 to 50 minutes later, depending on the time of year. Currently, this time is 46 1/2 minutes. Currently, Pacific Standard Time (PST) is 8 hours behind Greenwich Meridian Time (GMT). Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 02 февраля 1999 (1999-02-02) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: TRW-Built TOMS Spacecraft Restored To Normal Operation; SpacecraftAlre Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... TRW Inc. CONTACT: TRW Inc. Sally Koris, 310/812-4721 TRW-Built TOMS Spacecraft Restored To Normal Operation; Spacecraft Already Exceeds Design Life By 25 Percent REDONDO BEACH, Calif., Jan. 25, 1999 -- TRW engineers, supporting their counterparts at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and NASA's satellite tracking networks, devised a clever solution that recovered the agency's only satellite dedicated to ozone mapping from a near-fatal emergency. Based on detailed knowledge of the Total Ozone Mapping System (TOMS)-Earth Probe satellite, built by TRW, engineers last month came up with the idea to bypass the fuel-depleted propulsion system and use magnetic torque rods to restore the spacecraft to its normal Earth-pointing orientation. "The dedicated efforts of an industry/government team brought back online a critical environmental tool," said Joanne Maguire, vice president and general manager, TRW Space & Laser Programs Division. "TOMS has already exceeded its two-year design life by 25 percent, and as a result of this fix, will continue its mission of supplying daily measurements of the global ozone layer to scientists around the world. "The robust spacecraft design enabled engineers to devise a solution that required a one-byte patch to the software code," Maguire continued. "It is stunning in its simplicity, and yet solved a problem of great complexity. The solution is based on the recognition that torque rods, which balance out small disturbances in the attitude of the spacecraft, could be used to re-establish the orientation of a satellite." The emergency occurred in mid-December and is believed to have been caused by a single event upset (SEU). SEUs occur in space when a high energy particle hits the spacecraft electronics, disrupting the spacecraft's computer operations. In this case, TOMS went into a "safehold" mode. In the safehold mode, the spacecraft is programmed to point toward the Sun so the solar panels get power. The satellite is then stabilized by being automatically commanded to spin at three degrees per second. When TOMS thrusters fired to begin spinning the spacecraft, unexpected residual gyroscopic forces of the spacecraft caused it to wobble. This led to the continuous firing of thrusters as it tried to compensate for the wobble, exhausting the onboard fuel. The spacecraft was rotating in the Sun-line at a rate of approximately 15 degrees per second. So engineers modified, or "patched," the control software to allow the spacecraft to de-spin itself and then recover its operational status using the magnetic torque rods. This patch was validated first on the ground, using a table-top version of the spacecraft computer. Because the magnetic torque rods exert such small torques on the spacecraft, the de-spin maneuver from the initial 15 degrees per second to approximately three degrees per second required three days, completing very early on New Year's Day. A subsequent one-and-a-half day maneuver brought the satellite back to its operational "science mode" status. "This recovery could only have been accomplished by the kind of dedicated people that work our projects, both government and industry," said Michael Luther, deputy associate administrator, Office of Earth Sciences, NASA headquarters. The satellite was launched in July 1996 from Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif. TRW built the 650-pound satellite and integrated the TOMS-EP instrument as a part of NASA's Earth Science enterprise initiative to gather data on the global environment. The ozone layer, at the outer reaches of the Earth's atmosphere, protects life on Earth from the deadly radiation of space. Scientists use TOMS-EP data in conjunction with the atmospheric chemistry measurements from other satellites to understand the processes that drive the global creation, destruction and distribution of the Earth's ozone layer. In December 1997, NASA directed the boost of TOMS into a higher orbit to fill the void left by the loss of the Advanced Earth Observing Satellite (ADEOS). The higher altitude widened the coverage of the TOMS instrument and exerted less atmospheric drag on the TRW-built satellite. The reboost orbit enabled the satellite to provide ozone measurements for three additional years, or at least until the next satellite with a Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer is launched. TRW Space & Electronics Group builds communications, scientific and defense spacecraft for military, civil and commercial customers, and produces, integrates and tests payloads; develops advanced space instruments; and integrates experiments into spacecraft. It is an operating unit of TRW Inc., which provides advanced technology products and services for the automotive, space-and-defense, and information-technology markets worldwide. Andrew Yee ayee@nova.astro.utoronto.ca Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 02 февраля 1999 (1999-02-02) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: U.Washington astronomy professor's Stardust quest set for launchSaturd Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... University of Washington FROM: Vince Stricherz 206-543-2580 vinces@u.washington.edu FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Feb. 1, 1999 UW astronomy professor's Stardust quest set for launch Saturday It's a moment University of Washington astronomy professor Donald Brownlee has been awaiting for nearly two decades. If all goes as planned, that moment will arrive Saturday afternoon when a Boeing Delta II rocket, with "University of Washington" emblazoned on the side, sends a desk-sized spacecraft on a seven-year journey to rendezvous with a comet. Stardust is scheduled to launch from Cape Canaveral, Fla., at 1:07 p.m. PST, and UWTV will provide live coverage. The mission, selected in 1995 by NASA as part of its Discovery series, aims to capture particles from comet Wild 2 (pronounced Vilt 2) and return them to Earth for analysis in laboratories at the UW, NASA and around the world. There's much to be learned, Brownlee said. "People have long suspected that comets played a role in the origin of life. No one really knows this because no one knows how life began. But we do know that comets are the most carbon-rich materials in the solar system, and we know they're full of organic compounds and they fall on the Earth all the time. Even now we have tens of thousands of tons of comet particles landing on the Earth every year," he said. Even though microscopic comet particles blanket open spaces such as parks and football stadiums every year, those particles don't tell the same story as ones collected from a comet such as Wild 2, Brownlee said. That's because Wild 2 only recently started orbiting close enough to the sun to make the mission feasible, so there hasn't been time enough for the sun's heat to destroy the characteristics of particles that have been preserved in a cryogenic deep freeze of space for billions of year. In 1980, Brownlee and NASA first considered a mission to capture comet particles. In that case, the target would have been Halley's comet, but the idea proved unworkable. Various technological advances and a bit of celestial luck changed that. Before 1974, Wild 2 traveled outside the orbit of Jupiter. But a close encounter with Jupiter that year altered the comet's trajectory, bringing it close enough to make Stardust possible. The spacecraft's encounter with the comet in early 2004 will take place just outside the orbit of Mars, 242 million miles from Earth on the other side of the sun. The mission is the first since Apollo 17 in 1972 to return extraterrestrial samples to Earth, and it is the first to bring back samples from beyond the orbit of the moon. Scientists will study the returned comet particles in the hope of understanding how life evolved on Earth. The planet probably was formed without water and without carbon or nitrogen, the building blocks of life. "The building blocks of life have long been thought to have come from further out in the solar system, out further away from the sun, and these would be materials from asteroids and comets," Brownlee said. Stardust will have journeyed 3.1 billion miles before it parachutes into the Utah desert in early 2006. During its encounter with Wild 2, a tennis-racquet shaped collector, sheathed with a wispy substance called aerogel, will be extended to collect comet grains when the spacecraft is within 100 miles of the comet's icy core. A high-power antenna will transmit close-up pictures, and sensitive equipment will gather data about the comet. The mission is a collaboration of the UW, NASA, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., and Lockheed Martin Astronautics in Denver. Other key members of the team are The Boeing Co., Germany's Max-Planck-Institut fЭr extraterrestrische Physik, the NASA Ames Research Center and the University of Chicago. Brownlee expects information gathered by Stardust to shed light on how the solar system and the universe evolved. The mission also could have implications on astrobiology, the search for life beyond Earth. The UW this fall will begin the first doctoral program in astrobiology to train people to look for life on other celestial bodies, such as Mars and Europa, a moon of Jupiter. "From the astrobiology standpoint, we're interested in what kind of organic materials actually exist and how much there is and whether this played a role (in the formation of life)," Brownlee said. "Now this may be an impossible problem. We can study astrobiology and we can investigate how life might have formed, but no one was there taking notes when life formed. "You have things ... before there was life and things after there was life but the real records aren't there," he said. "But by insight on this, you can at least look at what the starting materials were. So that's what Stardust is going to do, look at the starting materials, what was around in the solar system before life existed on Earth." The name "Stardust" seemed appropriate because of the nature of the project and the fact that people can relate to that name, Brownlee said. A recent radio interview ended with a few bars of the song "Woodstock" by Joni Mitchell, which includes the lyrics: "We are stardust, we are golden, we are 2 billion-year-old carbon." That's an appropriate thought, Brownlee said. "Comets are a vehicle that brings organic materials to the Earth. Many of the carbon atoms in our bodies were in comets early in the history of the solar system. So one of the bylines of the Stardust mission is that we are stardust. Our bodies are actually made of stardust." Science aside, there's a hint of romanticism about this mission. That's why, come Saturday, it won't be "Woodstock" but instead the soft strains of Hoagy Carmichael's "Stardust" drifting through the launch area. ### Additional information is available at http://stardust.jpl.nasa.gov or at http://www.washington.edu/newsroom/stardust/stardust.html Andrew Yee ayee@nova.astro.utoronto.ca Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 02 февраля 1999 (1999-02-02) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: planetary map FAQ Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... PLANETARY MAPS: (this article is in the public domain) A list of maps of all mapped solar system bodies except Earth, 58 by October 1998. If there are many maps (e.g. Mars) a general purpose global map is listed, subdivided if necessary: relief maps (usually with placenames), topography (contours), geological maps... If not (e.g. Deimos) the best available map is listed. Some (e.g. Comet Encke) are simple diagrams of possible surface features ('sketch' under map type). A few interesting books are listed at the end. Questions, errors or omissions: please contact me (Phil Stooke) at: pjstooke@julian.uwo.ca. For IAU definitions of North, longitudes, prime meridians etc. see Chapter 5 of PLANETARY MAPPING (see below) and further references in that chapter. References: USGS = U.S. Geological Survey. Order by I-number from USGS Map Sales, Box 25286, Denver, Colorado USA 80225. About $4 / sheet (some in list are sets of several sheets). Call Customer Service: (303) 236-7477 for price and ordering details. Details also at their website: wwwflag.wr.usgs.gov/USGSFlag/Space/GEOMAP/PGM_home.html NASA Tech. Memo. 4395 (Indexes of Maps of Planets and Satellites 1992) by J. Inge and R. Batson is the best guide to sheet maps. Most Apollo-era Moon maps (LAC, LTO) are out of print, but some (+ NASA CD-ROMS) may be found at NSSDC: National Space Science Data Center, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland USA 20771. NSSDC now has a WWW interface into their inventory of available planetary maps (Moon, Mars, Mercury only): http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/map.html Edmund Scientific: 101 E.Gloucester Pike, Barrington, NJ 08007-1380, USA. Virtual Reality Labs: 2341 Ganador Ct., San Luis Obispo, CA 93401, USA. Other maps are in books and journals. Bibliographic data are abbreviated but there should be enough detail to find the item. My maps and digital shape models of small bodies are available on the WWW at: www.uwo.ca/geog/faculty/stooke.htm BODY MAP TYPE REFERENCE Sun outline L'Astronomie (Astr.Soc.France) (prior to 1996) Mercury relief USGS maps I-1149,1171,1822 geology USGS maps I-1199,1233,1408,1409,1658,1659,1660, 2015,2148, + NASA ATLAS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM atlas Davies et al. ATLAS OF MERCURY, NASA SP-423, 1978 globe USGS (out of print- see at Cornell U. or LPI) Venus relief USGS map I-2444 topogr USGS maps I-1324,1562,2041 + GxDR CD-ROM from NSSDC geology USGS map I-2059 (Venera 15/16 data) digital VENUS EXPLORER CD-ROM, Virtual Reality Labs Inc. atlas ATLAS POVERKHNOSTI VENERY, Russia, 1989 globe Sky Publishing (ads in Sky & Telescope) online http://www-pdsimage.jpl.nasa.gov/PDS/public/ magellan/midrcd_query.html Moon relief USGS maps I-1218,1326,2276 topogr NSSDC: LAC maps (earthside), LTO maps (Apollo zone) + Smith et al.,J.GEO.RES.102:1591-1611,1997 (global) geology USGS maps I-703,948,1034,1047,1062,1162, + Wilhelms, USGS Professional Paper 1348, 1987 atlas LUNAR ORBITER PHOTO ATLAS, NASA SP-206, 1971 + A. Rukl, ATLAS OF THE MOON, Hamlyn, 1990 globe Replogle Globes (via Sky Publ., ads in SKY+TEL.) online http://www.nrl.navy.mil/clementine/clib digital CLEM. BASEMAP CD-ROMs (set of 15), from NSSDC Mars relief USGS maps I-1618,2179, Edmund Scientific Mars Map topogr USGS map I-2160 + MDIM CD-ROM, disk 7, from NSSDC geology USGS map I-1802 digital MDIM CD-ROMs, disks 1-6, available from NSSDC + MARS EXPLORER CD-ROM, Virtual Reality Labs Inc. atlas Batson et al., ATLAS OF MARS, NASA SP-438, 1979 globe Sky Publishing (ads in SKY+TELESCOPE) online http://ic-www.arc.nasa.gov/ic/projects/ bayes-group/Atlas/Mars Phobos relief Greeley+Batson, NASA ATLAS SOL.SYST. Cambr.U.Pr. 1996 topogr Thomas, ICARUS, 105:326-344, 1993 (+ photomosaic) globe Max Planck Inst. Phys+Astrophys., 1988 (see at LPI) Deimos outline Thomas, ICARUS, 40: 223-243, 1979 topogr Thomas, ICARUS, 105:326-344, 1993 (+ photomosaic) Jupiter mosaics Smith et al., SCIENCE 206:927-950, 1979 (Voyager) mosaics Hammel+, SCIENCE 267:1288-1296, 1995 (HST, SL9 sites) Amalthea rel,topo Stooke, EARTH,MOON,PLANETS 64:187-197, 1994 Io relief USGS map I-1713 topogr Gaskell+Synnott,GEOPHYS.RES.LET. 15:581-584, 1988 geology USGS map I-2209 colour Burns+, SATELLITES, U.Ariz.Pr.,1986, Pl.2 (Voyager) colour ASTRONOMY v.25:p.28, 1997 (Galileo mosaic) Europa relief USGS maps I-1241,1493,1499 geology SATELLITES OF JUPITER,Ch.14, U.Arizona Press, 1982 Ganymede relief USGS map I-2331 geology USGS maps I-1934,1966,2289,2328,2388,2459,2497,2534 Callisto relief USGS maps I-1239,2035 geology USGS map I-2581 Saturn mosaics Sromovsky+, J.GEOPH.RES.88:8650-8666, 1983 (Voyager) mosaics Westphal et al., ICARUS 100:485-498, 1992 (HST) mosaics Godfrey, ICARUS 76:335-356, 1988 (N. Pole) Prometheus rel,topo Stooke, EARTH,MOON,PLANETS, 62: 199-221, 1993 Pandora rel,topo Stooke, EARTH,MOON,PLANETS, 62: 199-221, 1993 Janus rel,topo Stooke+Lumsdon, EARTH,MOON,PLAN. 62:223-237, 1993 Epimetheus rel,topo Stooke, EARTH,MOON,PLANETS, 63: 67-83, 1993 Mimas relief USGS maps I-1489,2155 geology Croft, NASA TECH.MEM. 4300, 95-97, 1991 Enceladus relief USGS maps I-1485,2156 geology Kargel+Pozio, ICARUS 119:385-404, 1996 Tethys relief USGS maps I-1487,2157 geology Moore+Ahern, J.GEOPHYS.RES. 88:A577-A584, 1983 Dione relief USGS maps I-1488,2158 geology Moore, ICARUS, 59:205-220, 1984 Rhea relief USGS maps I-1484,1921 geology Moore et al., J. GEOPHYS.RESEARCH 90:C785-C795, 1985 Titan albedo Smith et al., ICARUS 119:336-349, 1996 Hyperion rel,topo Stooke, EARTH, MOON & PLANETS 74:61-83, 1996 Iapetus relief USGS maps I-1486,2159 geology Croft, NASA TECH. MEMO 4300, 101-103, 1991 Phoebe albedo Thomas et al., J. GEOPHYS. RESEARCH 88:8736-8742, 1983 + Simonelli et al. ICARUS, submitted 1998. Uranus magnetic Connerney et al., J. GEOPHYS. RESEARCH 92:15329-15336, 1987 Puck outline Stooke, LUN.PLANET.SCI. XXV, 1349-1350, 1994 Miranda relief USGS map I-1920 topogr Wu, LUNAR PLANET.SCI XVIII, 1110-1111, 1987 geology Croft & Soderblom, URANUS, U. Arizona Press, 1991 Ariel relief USGS map I-1920 geology Croft & Soderblom, URANUS, U. Arizona Press, 1991 Umbriel relief USGS map I-1920 geology Croft & Soderblom, URANUS, U. Arizona Press, 1991 Titania relief USGS map I-1920 geology Croft & Soderblom, URANUS, U. Arizona Press, 1991 Oberon relief USGS map I-1920 geology Croft+Soderblom, URANUS, U. Arizona Press, 1991 Neptune mosaics Smith et al., SCIENCE 246:1422-1449, 1989 Larissa relief Stooke, EARTH, MOON & PLANETS, 65:31-54, 1994 Proteus rel,topo Stooke, EARTH, MOON & PLANETS, 65:31-54, 1994 Triton relief USGS maps I-2153,2154,2275 geology Croft et al., NEPTUNE & TRITON, U. Arizona Press, 1995 Pluto albedo Stern et al., ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL 113:827-843, 1997 Charon albedo Buie et al., ICARUS, 97:211-227, 1992 4 Vesta albedo Binzel et al., ICARUS, 128:95-103, 1997 topogr Thomas et al., SCIENCE, 277:1492-1495, 1997 15 Eunomia sketch Reed et al., ICARUS, 125:446-454, 1997 29 Amphitrite sketch Barucci et al., ASTEROIDS, COMETS, METEORITES II, 89-92, 1986 43 Ariadne sketch Detal et al., ASTRON.ASTROPHYS. 281:269-280, 1994 243 Ida geology Belton et al., SCIENCE, 265:1543-1547, 1994 + Stooke, LPSC XXVIII, 1385-1386, 1997 topogr Thomas et al., ICARUS, 120:20-32, 1996 243(1) Dactyl outline Veverka et al., ICARUS, 120:200-211, 1996 253 Mathilde outline Thomas et al.., ICARUS, submitted, 1998 433 Eros topogr Mitchell et el., ICARUS, 131:4-14, 1998 532 Herculina sketch Taylor et al., ICARUS, 69:354-369, 1987 624 Hektor sketch Hartmann+Cruikshank, ICARUS, 36:353-366, 1978 951 Gaspra rel,topo Stooke, EARTH, MOON & PLANETS, 75:53-75, 1997 1620 Geographos outline Stooke, LPSC XXVIII, 1387-1388, 1997 4179 Toutatis relief Hudson & Ostro, SCIENCE, 270:84-86, 1995 outline Stooke, LPSC XXVII, 1283-1284, 1996 4769 Castalia relief Hudson & Ostro, SCIENCE, 263:940-943, 1994 + Stooke, CANADIAN GEOGRAPHER, in press, 1998 topogr Scheeres et al., ICARUS, 121:67-87, 1996 Comet Encke sketch Sekanina, ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL 96:1455-1475, 1988 Comet Halley outline Moehlmann+,COMETS IN THE POST-HALLEY ERA, p.764, Kluwer 1991 rel,topo Stooke & Abergel, ASTRON.ASTROPHYS 248:656-668, 1991 + Stooke, LPSC XXVIII, 1387-1388, 1997 Swift-Tuttle sketch Sekanina, ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL 86:1741-1773, 1981 Com.Tempel-2 sketch Sekanina, ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL 102:350-388, 1991 Interesting books: (no single book has maps of all bodies listed above) NASA ATLAS OF SOLAR SYSTEM, Greeley & Batson (eds), Cambridge U.Press, 1996 ATLAS PLANET ZEMNOI GRUPPA...(atlas of terrestrial planets), Russia, 1992 PLANETARY MAPPING, Greeley & Batson (eds), Cambridge U. Press, 1990 PLANETARY LANDSCAPES, Greeley, Cambridge U. Press, 2nd ed. 1994 MAPPING OF THE MOON, Kopal & Carder, D.Reidel Co., 1974 MARS AND ITS SATELLITES, J. Blunck, Exposition Press, 1982 (ed. 2) Interesting websites with planetary maps: Pele.wr.usgs.gov (U.S. Geological Survey, outer planet satellite maps) Maps.jpl.nasa.gov (David Seal's planetary map site, very useful) www.uwo.ca/geog/faculty/stooke.htm (my small body maps) (and link from my links page to Calvin Hamilton's Views of the Solar System - excellent resource) Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=

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