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    Дата: 28 октября 1998 (1998-10-28) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Historic John Glenn flight to feature Maryland and Goddard science exp Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... Nancy Neal or Susan Hendrix Goddard Space Flight Center Oct. 5, 1998 Greenbelt, MD 20771 Newsroom Phone: 301-286-8955 NOTE TO EDITORS/NEWS DIRECTORS: 98-158 HISTORIC JOHN GLENN FLIGHT TO FEATURE MARYLAND AND GODDARD SCIENCE EXPERIMENTS When Mercury astronaut and Ohio Senator John Glenn returns to space October 29, a fascinating array of science experiments from the Goddard Space Flight Center and Maryland students will fly with him. Goddard is providing a solar observatory on STS-95, called Spartan 201-05. Spartan will be deployed from the Shuttle on flight day four and returned 2 days later. During its free flight, instruments aboard Spartan will record huge outpourings of matter from the Sun, called coronal mass ejections, that influence Earth's climate and affect commercial and scientific satellites in orbit above Earth. Another primary Goddard payload, called the Hubble Orbital Systems Test, or HOST, will test hardware intended for use on the third servicing mission of the Hubble Space Telescope. Among the components to be tested is a state-of-the-art refrigeration system called a "cryocooler" that could replace bulky storage tanks on the Hubble Space Telescope. The system could extend the lifetime of one of Hubble's key scientific instruments. Other experiments include telescopes attached to the Goddard-provided International Extreme Ultraviolet Hitchhiker that will look at the plasma around Jupiter's moon, Io, and supernova remnants; an instrument that will study how solar energy effects global climate change; a small communications satellite that will be ejected from the Shuttle during the mission; and several experiments testing new cryogenic technologies. Get Away Special canisters provided by Goddard will contain experiments including an artificial heart to study why astronauts' hearts shrink in space, and an experiment which will simulate the early stages of our solar system development to aid in the understanding of planet formation. Maryland Students Provide Experiments For STS-95 Mission Maryland students will provide experiments carried aboard Get Away Special (GAS) canisters and a Student Experiment Module (SEM) that ride inside Discovery's cargo bay. The GAS and SEM programs provide students with hands-on experience designing and flying experiments in space. Both programs were created to train future scientists and engineers. The University of Maryland, College Park, is working with a Goddard engineer to perform the first-ever test in space of a potentially revolutionary device called a 3-D sprag. Sprags are small parts manufactured with specialized geometry that allow free rolling in one direction and prevent motion in the other direction. The sprag design has a number of potential uses in space and on Earth. Because they require no lubrication, tools made with sprags could be left indefinitely in space. Sprags also could be used in EVA, or spacewalk tools, and in wrenches used in confined spaces. Another local Maryland school, Woodmore Elementary School in Mitchellville, Md., has an experiment on STS-95 that will study the effects of radiation on seed germination and growth. The experiment is a collaboration between Woodmore Elementary and a school in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Students at DuVal High School in Lanham, Md., provided an experiment looking at the effects of space travel on the life cycle of American cockroaches. The roach experiment will consist of a habitat that has been divided into three sections: one each for young adults, nymphs and eggs. -end of general release- Covering STS-95: Media Resources Area news media can obtain information about STS-95, and talk to scientists and engineers involved in this mission. Interviews: Contact Nancy Neal at 301-286-0039 or Susan Hendrix at 301-286-7745 to set up an interview with Goddard personnel involved in this mission. Materials: The newsroom will fax you Fact Sheets on all the Goddard payloads, or get them off the Goddard Web site at: http://pao.gsfc.nasa.gov/GSFC/Missions/STS95/sts95.htm Briefings: A live pre-mission press conference will be held Oct. 15 from the Johnson Space Center in Houston. During the briefings, Goddard engineers and scientists will discuss Goddard's role in the flight. Area media can view these briefings from Goddard, or tune in to NASA-TV, which is carried on GE-2, transponder 9C, C-Band, located at 85 degrees West longitude. The frequency is 3880.0 MHz. Polarization is vertical and audio is at 6.8 MHz. Pre-launch briefings will also be conducted at Kennedy Space Center, Fla., beginning on Oct. 26. Check with Goddard PAO for briefing times, or see the complete television schedule for all STS-95 activities on the NASA-TV Web site at: http://www.nasa.gov/ntv/ Video: Video B-roll and animation has been created for many of the payloads, including Spartan, HOST, the "roach motel," the artificial heart and the Woodmore Elementary Student Experiment Module. Contact Wade Sisler at 301-286-6256 or Deanna Corridon at 301-286-0041 for a copy of Goddard's STS-95 Video File. Web Resources Space Shuttle Web site http://shuttle.nasa.gov Goddard and STS-95 Web site http://pao.gsfc.nasa.gov/GSFC/Missions/STS95/sts95.htm Andrew Yee ayee@nova.astro.utoronto.ca Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=

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