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    Архив RU.SPACE.NEWS за 26 октября 1998


    Дата: 26 октября 1998 (1998-10-26) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: New astronaut joins European Space Agency's corps (Forwarded) Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... European Space Agency Press Release No. 38-98 Paris, France 19 October 1998 New astronaut joins European Space Agency's corps The Director General of ESA, Antonio Rodota, together with the Belgian Minister for Science Policy, Yvan Ylieff, announced Europe's newest astronaut, Frank De Winne, today at the opening of the Association of Space Explorers congress, a meeting of about 100 astronauts being held this week in Brussels, Belgium. Frank De Winne (37), a senior test pilot in the Belgian Air Force, joins the other 13 astronauts that make up the European corps. He will begin training around mid-1999 to qualify for future missions onboard the International Space Station. De Winne, a major with 12 years of flying experience and a special interest in man-machine interfaces, has logged 2300 hours of flying time on various types of high-performance aircraft. He is currently the squadron commander of the 349th Fighter Squadron stationed at the Kleine Brogel Airbase in Belgium. De Winne is the second Belgian astronaut. The first one, Dirk Frimout, flew on the Space Shuttle's Atlas-1 (STS-45) mission in 1992. With this nomination, ESA has completed the first phase of its creation of a single European astronaut corps. Since June, five astronauts from existing national astronaut programmes have been integrated into the ESA programme and several new astronauts have been recruited. Other existing national astronauts will join the corps in 1999. The objective is to have a total of 16 astronauts by mid-2000 in order to be able to meet the demand for European astronauts foreseen in the coming years as the International Space Station is being built and research onboard gets underway. Presently, the European corps consists of 13 astronauts: Jean-Francois Clervoy, Leopold Eyharts, Jean-Pierre Haignere (France); Thomas Reiter, Hans Schlegel, Gerhard Thiele (Germany); Umberto Guidoni, Paolo Nespoli, Roberto Vittori (Italy); Andr( Kuipers (The Netherlands); Pedro Duque (Spain); Christer Fuglesang (Sweden); and Claude Nicollier (Switzerland). Their home base is ESA's European Astronaut Centre in Cologne, Germany. For further information, see the following Web pages: * European Astronaut Centre: http://www.estec.esa.int/spaceflight/astronaut * International Space Station: http://www.estec.esa.int/spaceflight/index.htm * ESA in general: http://www.esa.int For further information, please contact: ESA Public Relations Division Tel: +33(0)1.53.69.7155 Fax:+33(0)1.53.69.7690 Fank DE WINNE ESA ASTRONAUT BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Ghent, Belgium, 25 April 1961. EDUCATION: Frank De Winne graduated from the Royal School of Cadets, Lier, in 1979. He received a Masters Degree in telecommunications and civil engineering from the Royal Military Academy, Brussels, in 1984. In 1991, he completed the Staff Course at the Defence College, in Brussels with the highest distinction and in 1992 he graduated from the Empire Test Pilots School (ETPS) in Boscombe Down, England. Awarded the McKenna Trophy. FAMILY: Married, three children. RECREATIONAL INTERESTS: Football, small PC applications, gastronomy. ORGANISATIONS: Chairman of the Belgian Armed Forces Flying Personnel Association. EXPERIENCE: After completing his pilot training with the Belgian Air Force, in 1986, Frank De Winne was an operational pilot on Mirage V aircraft. Detached to the company SAGEM in Paris, in 1989, he then worked in the Mirage Safety Improvement Programme where he was responsible for the preparation of the operational and technical specifications of the Mirage upgrade programme. In December 1992, he was appointed to the Test and Evaluation branch of the Belgian Air Force. As a test pilot, he was involved in various activities, such as CARAPACE (an electronic warfare programme on F16) at Eglin Air Force Base, US, and a Self Protection Programme for the C130 aircraft. During that period, he also flew as a reception pilot on different aircraft types in Gosselies. From January 1994 to April 1995, Frank De Winne was responsible for the flight safety programme of the 1st Fighter Wing at Beauvechain, Belgium. From April 1995 to July 1996, as a senior test pilot in the European Participating Air Forces (EPAF), he was detached to Edwards Air Force Base, California, where he worked on the mid-life update of the F16 aircraft, focussing on radar testing. Frank De Winne has logged more than 2300 hours flying time on several types of high-performance aircraft including Mirage, F16, Jaguar and Tornado. From 1996 to August 1998, he was senior test pilot in the Belgian Air Force, responsible for all test programmes and for all pilot-vehicle interfaces for future aircraft/software updates. SPECIAL HONOURS : First non-American pilot to receive the Joe Bill Dryden Semper Viper Award, in 1997, for demonstrating exceptional skills during a flight. CURRENT SITUATION: Since August 1998, Frank De Winne has been the Squadron Commander of the 349th Fighter Squadron at Kleine Brogel Airbase, Belgium. October 1998 MSM-A/E/98-156 Andrew Yee ayee@nova.astro.utoronto.ca Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 26 октября 1998 (1998-10-26) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Deep Space 1 Successfully Launched Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... MEDIA RELATIONS OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PASADENA, CALIF. 91109 TELEPHONE (818) 354-5011 http://www.jpl.nasa.gov DEEP SPACE 1 MISSION STATUS October 24, 1998 Deep Space 1, the first spacecraft in NASA's New Millennium Program of missions to flight-test new technologies, blasted into space at 8:08 a.m. Eastern time today from Cape Canaveral Air Station, FL. Deep Space 1 separated from the Delta II launch vehicle about 550 kilometers (345 miles) above the Indian Ocean and was sent on its way to test 12 technologies in coming months. The spacecraft is on a trajectory to fly by asteroid 1992 KD in July 1999, allowing further validation of two science instruments. All critical spacecraft systems, such as power, temperature and attitude control were performing well, the spacecraft team reported from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA. Two technologies -- large solar arrays and a new radio transmitter/receiver -- were validated within the first two hours after launch. "The Deep Space 1 spacecraft is in fine health and is ready to begin its mission of technology validation," said Deputy Mission Manager Dr. Marc Rayman at JPL. Telemetry was received from the spacecraft through NASA's Deep Space Network at 1 hour, 37 minutes after launch, and 13 minutes later it was determined that the spacecraft's two solar arrays had been deployed. A key new technology, the spacecraft's ion engine, will be tested for the first time in approximately two weeks. The New Millennium Program is designed to test new technologies so that they can be confidently used on science missions of the 21st century. ##### Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 26 октября 1998 (1998-10-26) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Boeing Delta 2 Launches Deep Space 1 Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... Boeing Delta 2 launches NASA spacecraft into deep space Boeing Co. News Release October 24, 1998 CAPE CANAVERAL AIR STATION, Fla. - A NASA spacecraft designed to test 21st century technology began its mission into deep space at 8:08 a.m. EDT today aboard a Boeing [NYSE: BA] Delta II rocket. The mission is the first deep space launch by NASA to have technology, rather than science, as its key focus. The term deep space generally refers to all space beyond the Earth-moon system or some 240,000 miles altitude. In addition to the primary payload, Deep Space 1 (DS1), the Delta II also carried a microsatellite designed and built by students at the University of Alabama in Huntsville. Deep Space 1 will be the first spacecraft to use an ion thruster to provide solar electric propulsion for its primary source of thrust. Large solar arrays will give a positive electrical charge to atoms of xenon gas and accelerate them to a very high speed. If Deep Space 1 expends its full load of 180 pounds of propellant, it would be able to change its speed by 10,000 miles per hour. That enormous change, however, would require thrusting for 20 months. Conventional spacecraft accelerate faster, but typically require 10 times more propellant. Deep Space 1, is also the first mission in NASA's New Millennium Program, to test and validate new technologies to be used on 21st century spacecraft. Among the technology carried aboard the spacecraft is software that tracks celestial bodies that allow Deep Space 1 to make navigation decisions without assistance by ground controllers. Although much of the testing will be completed during the first eight weeks of the mission, Deep Space 1 will attempt an encounter with asteroid 1992 KD in July 1999, as a final demonstration of its technologies by observing a scientifically interesting body. "Today's Delta launch provides an excellent beginning to DS1's mission of validating important technologies," said Dr. Marc Rayman, Deep Space 1 chief mission engineer. "We greatly appreciate Boeing's launch service and the smooth delivery of our spacecraft to its orbit around the Sun," he added. "The successful flight of this new version of the Delta II, carrying two spacecraft, is an important step in NASA's move toward the use of smaller, more affordable launch vehicles for its science missions," Dr. Rayman concluded. "The Deep Space 1 mission continues the tradition of the Delta launch vehicle family, which since 1960 has lifted 76 scientific payloads into space," said Darryl Van Dorn, Boeing director of NASA and Commercial programs. "This mission is particularly significant because it will be the first time that ion propulsion is being used as the primary propulsion system for a spacecraft traveling in deep space," he added. The 85-pound secondary payload, Students for the Exploration and Development of Space Satellite (SEDSAT) satellite, was delivered to orbit following deployment of Deep Space 1. An objective of SEDSAT is to further space science and engineering education through hands-on experience. Other objectives include providing packet and repeater communication services to the amateur radio community, providing a public internet-accessible multispecteral Earth imaging system, and conducting experiments in attitude determination, stabilization, battery technology, and radiation-tolerant computer design. Delta launch vehicles have carried a variety of critical scientific payloads for NASA, the most recent include the Advanced Composition Explorer, Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous, Mars Pathfinder and Mars Global Surveyor. The Deep Space 1 launch is a part of the Medium-Light Expendable Launch Vehicle Services (Med-Lite) contract with NASA. In December, a Delta II will launch NASA's Mars Orbiter spacecraft to be followed by five additional NASA missions in 1999 and two in 2000. Five options remain in the Med-Lite contract. The Delta II is a medium capacity rocket which is manufactured in Huntington Beach, Calif., with final assembly in Pueblo, Colo., and is powered by the RS-27A engine built by Boeing in Canoga Park, Calif. The launch team at Cape Canaveral Air Station handled launch coordination for the mission. Alliant Techsystems, Magna, Utah, builds the graphite epoxy motors for boost assist; Aerojet, Sacramento, Calif., supplies the second-stage engine; Cordant Technologies, Elkton, Md., builds the upper-stage engine; and Allied Signal, Teterboro, N.J., provides the guidance and flight control system. Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 26 октября 1998 (1998-10-26) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Glenn to perform Purdue soybean experiment in space (Forwarded) Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... Purdue University Source: Rick Vierling, (765) 474-3494; e-mail: vierling@dcwi.com Writer: Tom Campbell, (765) 494-8084; e-mail tc@aes.purdue.edu Purdue News Service: (765) 494-2096; e-mail, purduenews@uns.purdue.edu October 20, 1998 Glenn to perform Purdue soybean experiment in space WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. -- Rick Vierling may have the oldest and most famous lab assistant in the world when the Space Shuttle Discovery blasts off from the Kennedy Space Center on Thursday (10/29). If all goes as planned, 77-year-old John Glenn, current U.S. senator who in 1962 became the first American to orbit the earth, will perform an experiment designed by Vierling to assess the ability of pathogens to incorporate foreign DNA into soybeans in microgravity. The experiment is a modification of a technique that is successfully used on earth. "How many people can say an American hero and U.S. senator is acting as their technician in space?" says Vierling. "John Glenn performing my experiment came as a complete shock to me. If I had written a scenario myself, it would not have been this good." Vierling, an adjunct associate professor of agronomy at Purdue University and director of the Indiana Crop Improvement Association's genetics program since 1992, says the experiment should take 22 hours to complete and is scheduled to begin Oct. 30. Vierling approached NASA's Commercialization Center in Madison, Wis., in February 1997, with an eye on a shuttle flight sometime in 2000. "It was just an idea. I didn't even have any preliminary data when I pitched it to the Commercialization Center," Vierling says. In January, NASA told Vierling his experiment had been bumped up and was now listed on the manifest for STS-95, Glenn's historic return to space. That gave Vierling less than six months to get his experiment approved and in a format that would allow the payload specialist (Glenn) adequate time for training. "I had to do two years worth of research in six months to meet the earlier deadline," says Vierling, who was amazed to find his experiment was moved up in such a short period of time. "I didn't know the federal government could move that fast," Vierling says. "It really put me under the gun. I had planned on about 18 to 20 months to get the background information so we could correctly design the experiment." Weightlessness poses unique parameters and problems that had to be overcome. The final experimental design is vastly different from what he had originally envisioned. The abbreviated preparation time has exacted a personal toll on Vierling, who got help from Steve Goldman, a professor of biology at the University of Toledo. Goldman is a key patent holder of related technology. "I've had to spend more than a few nights and weekends to get this project ready to go," Vierling says. "Steve gave me a lot of help. I don't think I could have done all of the preliminary work in my lab alone." Vierling says he hopes the experiment will lay the groundwork for additional experiments on future shuttle flights and perhaps even the space station: "If this shows some positive results, I would hope that I could have an experiment a year on board the shuttle." Vierling says 1,000 soybean seeds, of a variety named after retired Purdue plant pathologist Kirk Athow, will occupy a mid-deck locker about the size of a large safe deposit box (18x12x7 inches). Given the short amount of preparation and the lack of available background information, Vierling says he is cautiously optimistic about the success of the experiment. "Something like this has never been performed in microgravity. There isn't a wealth of background information for us to go to and say this may happen, or this might not happen. Things may not go as we expect, so we can't get too excited yet," he says. The seeds will be returned to Purdue and cultivated in greenhouses. The progeny of those seeds will be analyzed as part of Vierling's experiment next spring. PHOTO CAPTION: [http://news.uns.purdue.edu/UNS/images/Vierling.spacebeans.jpeg] Soybeans selected by Purdue agronomist Rick Vierling will be on board the Space Shuttle Discovery when it launches Oct. 29. Only 1,000 of the 5,000 beans Vierling holds will be part of the experiment conducted by John Glenn. (Purdue Ag Communications Photo by Tom Campbell) Color photo, electronic transmission, and Web and ftp download available. Photo ID: Vierling.spacebeans Andrew Yee ayee@nova.astro.utoronto.ca Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=

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