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    Архив RU.SPACE.NEWS за 03 апреля 1998

    Дата: 03 апреля 1998 (1998-04-03) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: STARDUST Update - March 27, 1998 Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... STARDUST Status Report March 27, 1998 Ken Atkins STARDUST Project Manager Assembly, Test, and Launch Operations (ATLO) activities: ATLO effort focused on wrapping the harness, building/installing the main Whipple shield and planning the Cometary & Interstellar Dust Analyzer (CIDA) keep-alive-power converter installation. ("Keep-alive" power is wiring to insure power remains available to the CIDA memory during any instrument resets/interruptions so calibration data is not lost). The flight solar arrays were delivered. Testing of the flight Sample Return Capsule (SRC) continued to go very well. The SRC thermal vacuum test completed the cold testing of avionics, heaters, capsule opening/closing and aerogel tray deployment/closing, the hot case is progress and the test is expected to be completed this weekend. A significant amount of testing (over 60 hours) was completed on the redesigned field-programmable gate array (FPGA) interface to the Cometary and Interstellar Dust Analyzer (CIDA). An informal Technical Risk Review was conducted at Lockheed Martin Astronautics in Denver, CO on March 26 by the Mission Assurance Manager with key STARDUST JPL and Lockheed Martin team members including the Principal Investigator, Dr. Donald Brownlee of the University of Washington. Aerogel: The team successfully demonstrated the capability for automated aerogel tile insertion in the collector tray. This is a significant milestone accomplishment on holding the April 13 delivery schedule. The team also started production of flight tiles this week. The JPL Employee Recreation Club now has T-shirts and sweat shirts with the STARDUST encounter at Wild-2 artwork. The sweatshirts sell for $16 and T-shirts cost $10. These items can be purchased in person, on-line (http://www.jplerc.org/index.html) or by calling ERC at (818) 354-6120. For more information on the STARDUST mission - the first ever comet sample return mission - please visit the STARDUST home page: http://stardust.jpl.nasa.gov/ Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 03 апреля 1998 (1998-04-03) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Hubble Reveals Details Of A Newly Born Planetary Nebula Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... CONTACT: Donna Weaver Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD (Phone: 410-338-4493) Matt Bobrowsky Orbital Sciences Corp., Greenbelt, MD (Phone: 301-982-5414 ext. 270) PRESS RELEASE NO.: STScI-PR98-15 HUBBLE REVEALS DETAILS OF A NEWLY BORN PLANETARY NEBULA Astronomers have caught a peek at a rare moment in the final stages of a star's life: a ballooning shroud of gas cast off by a dying star flicking on its stellar light bulb. NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has captured the unveiling of the Stingray nebula (Hen-1357), the youngest known planetary nebula. Twenty years ago, the nebulous gas entombing the dying star wasn't hot enough to glow. The Stingray nebula (Hen-1357) is so named because its shape resembles a stingray fish. Images of a planetary nebula in its formative years can yield new insights into the last gasps of ordinary stars like our sun. A planetary nebula forms after an aging, low-mass star swells to become a "red giant" and blows off some of its outer layers of material. As the nebula expands away from the star, the star's remaining core gets hotter and heats the gas until it glows. A fast wind - material propelled outward from the hot central star -- compresses the gas and pushes the gas bubble outward. The central star in the Stingray nebula has heated up quite fast. "Such a fast evolution of the object actually came as a surprise," says Kailash Sahu of the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Md. "The current theoretical models do not predict such fast evolution for low-mass stars like that of the Stingray nebula." Adds Matt Bobrowsky of Orbital Sciences Corp. in Greenbelt, Md: "The Stingray nebula is, in human terms, just an infant because only within the past 20 years did its central star rapidly heat up enough to make the nebula start to glow. It is extraordinary to catch a star in this exceedingly brief phase of its evolution. While stars typically last for billions of years, the transition to a visible planetary nebula takes only about 100 years -- the blink of an eye compared to a star's lifetime. It is therefore not surprising that no younger planetary nebula has ever been identified." The nebula is one-tenth the size of most planetary nebulae and is 18,000 light-years away in the direction of the southern constellation Ara (the Altar). Because of its small size, no details of the Stingray nebula were visible before Hubble observations were carried out. The creation of twin bubbles of gas, which shape so many planetary nebulae, has always been a mystery to astronomers. The jets of gas revealed in the Hubble images are of great interest to astronomers because many types of astronomical objects - from young stars to active galaxies - produce similar, opposing flows of gas. Many theories have been proposed to explain these jets, but the details of their formation are not yet fully understood. The Hubble images actually reveal how the jets in the Stingray are produced. "Both theory and observations have indicated that a ring or disk of matter plays a role in forming the opposing outflows," Bobrowsky says. "But these images are significant in showing that, at least in some cases, the situation is somewhat more complex." The images that Bobrowsky and collaborators acquired show a ring of gas surrounding the central star, with bubbles of gas above and below the ring. The wind emanating from the central star has created enough pressure to blow open holes in the ends of the bubbles, allowing gas to escape. The bubbles act like nozzles that direct the escaping gas into two opposing streams. The images also show bright gas that is heated by a "shock" caused when the central star's wind hits the walls of the bubbles. A further discovery is a second star within the nebula, indicating that the Stingray's central star is part of a binary star system. This second star is important because astronomers have theorized that a companion might be necessary for the formation of the ring, bubbles, and columns of gas. There is also evidence that some of the gas in the nebula may be distorted due to the gravity from the companion star - another phenomenon never before seen in a planetary nebula. This appears in the images as a spur of gas forming a bridge to the companion star. Bobrowsky first observed the Stingray nebula with the Hubble telescope in 1993. Those images were the first to show the structure of the nebula. The new observations were taken in 1997 by Bobrowsky and his collaborators: Sahu of the Space Telescope Science Institute, M. Parthasarathy of the Indian Institute of Astrophysics in Bangalore, India, and Pedro Garcia-Lario of the ISO Science Operations Center in Madrid, Spain. The results are described in the April 2 issue of the journal Nature. * * * * The Space Telescope Science Institute is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc. (AURA) for NASA, under contract with the Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. The Hubble Space Telescope is a project of international cooperation between NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA). NOTE TO EDITORS: A photo and caption are available via the World-Wide Web at: http://oposite.stsci.edu/1998/15 or via links in: http://oposite.stsci.edu/pubinfo/latest.html or http://oposite.stsci.edu/pubinfo/pictures.html GIF and JPEG images are available via anonymous ftp to oposite.stsci.edu in /pubinfo/gif/9815.jpg and /pubinfo/gif/9815.gif. *********************************** PHOTO CAPTION: EMBARGOED UNTIL: 2:00 P.M. (EST) April 1, 1998 PHOTO NO.: STScI-PRC98-15 HUBBLE CAPTURES UNVEILING OF PLANETARY NEBULA This Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 image captures the infancy of the Stingray nebula (Hen-1357), the youngest known planetary nebula. In this image, the bright central star is in the middle of the green ring of gas. Its companion star is diagonally above it at 10 o'clock. A spur of gas (green) is forming a faint bridge to the companion star due to gravitational attraction. The image also shows a ring of gas (green) surrounding the central star, with bubbles of gas to the lower left and upper right of the ring. The wind of material propelled by radiation from the hot central star has created enough pressure to blow open holes in the ends of the bubbles, allowing gas to escape. The red curved lines represent bright gas that is heated by a "shock" caused when the central star's wind hits the walls of the bubbles. The nebula is as large as 130 solar systems, but, at its distance of 18,000 light-years, it appears only as big as a dime viewed a mile away. The Stingray is located in the direction of the southern constellation Ara (the Altar). The colors shown are actual colors emitted by nitrogen (red), oxygen (green), and hydrogen (blue). The filters used were F658N ([N II]), F502N ([O III]), and F487N (H-beta). The observations were made in March 1996. Credit: Matt Bobrowsky, Orbital Sciences Corporation and NASA Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 03 апреля 1998 (1998-04-03) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: WDC-A R&S Launch Announcement 12929: TRACE Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... COSPAR/ISES WORLD WARNING AGENCY FOR SATELLITES WORLD DATA CENTER-A FOR R & S, NASA/GSFC CODE 633, GREENBELT, MARYLAND, 20771. USA SPACEWARN 12929 COSPAR/WWAS USSPACECOM NUMBER SPACECRAFT INTERNATIONAL ID (CATALOG NUMBER) LAUNCH DATE,UT TRACE 1998-020A 25280 02 APRIL 1998 ..JOSEPH H. KING, DIRECTOR, WDC-A-R&S. [PH: (301) 286 7355. E-MAIL: KING@NSSDCA.GSFC.NASA.GOV 02 APRIL 1998, 20:15 UT] Dr. Edwin V. Bell, II _/ _/ _/_/_/ _/_/_/ _/_/_/ _/_/ Mail Code 633 _/_/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ NASA Goddard Space _/ _/ _/ _/_/ _/_/ _/ _/ _/ Flight Center _/ _/_/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ Greenbelt, MD 20771 _/ _/ _/_/_/ _/_/_/ _/_/_/ _/_/ +1-301-286-1187 ed.bell@gsfc.nasa.gov NSSDC home page: http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/ Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=

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