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    Архив RU.SPACE.NEWS за 22 февраля 1998


    Дата: 22 февраля 1998 (1998-02-22) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: NEW INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION ELEMENTS ARRIVE AT KSC Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... NASA News National Aeronautics and Space Administration John F. Kennedy Space Center Kennedy Space Center, Florida 32899 ___________________________________________________________________ KSC Contacts: For Release: Bruce Buckingham/George Diller Feb. 20, 1998 KSC Release No. 33 - 98 NEW INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION ELEMENTS ARRIVE AT KSC Pressurized Mating Adapter-3 (PMA-3), the third PMA for the International Space Station (ISS), arrived at Kennedy Space Center today from the Boeing Company in Huntington Beach, CA. The Z1 Integrated Truss Segment, the initial framework component for the International Space Station, also began its processing at KSC in the Space Station Processing Facility this week. PMA-3 and the Z1 truss are set to fly on Space Shuttle mission STS-92, the third ISS assembly flight. While in orbit, PMA-3 will be removed from the orbiter's payload bay by the astronauts using the remote manipulator arm and mated to Node 1, a connecting passageway to the living and working areas of the International Space Station. The primary purpose of PMA-3 is to serve as a Shuttle docking port through which crew members and equipment will transfer to ISS during later assembly missions. The Z1 truss allows the temporary installation of the U.S. power module to Node 1. The truss will have attached to it control moment gyroscopes for attitude control and will also hold Ku-band and S-band telemetry equipment. In addition, it provides a mounting location for extra vehicular activity equipment. Beginning this year with the launch of the first International Space Station element, more than 100 components will ultimately be assembled in low Earth orbit over the next five years using approximately 45 assembly flights. When complete, the station will provide access for researchers around the world to permanent, state-of-the-art laboratories in the weightless environment of space. -- end - Note to Editors: Still photographs and video of PMA-3 and the Z1 truss are available by calling the KSC Press Site at 407-867-2468. Also, on Monday, Feb. 23, the NASA TV video file will feature these elements as they begin their pre-launch processing at KSC. Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 22 февраля 1998 (1998-02-22) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: David Gallagher Appointed Deep Space 3 Project Manager Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... MEDIA RELATIONS OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PASADENA, CALIF. 91109 TELEPHONE (818) 354-5011 http://www.jpl.nasa.gov Contact: John G. Watson FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE February 17, 1998 DAVID B. GALLAGHER APPPOINTED DEEP SPACE 3 PROJECT MANAGER David B. Gallagher has been named project manager of Deep Space 3, a NASA mission that will be the first ever to try flying multiple spacecraft in precision formation to test a powerful astronomical observing technique called optical interferometry. Gallagher previously served as project manager of JPL's Pressure Modulator Infrared Radiometer instrument, part of the science payload onboard NASA's Mars '98 orbiter, scheduled for launch in December. Since joining JPL in 1989, he has managed the Drop Physics Module project flown on the Space Shuttle and served as integration and test manager for the Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 aboard the Hubble Space Telescope. Deep Space 3 is part of the New Millennium Program, a flagship NASA venture whose goal is the testing of revolutionary technologies in space flight so that they may be used with confidence in space missions of the future. Set to launch in early 2002, Deep Space 3 will demonstrate precision formation flying by multiple spacecraft and long-baseline optical interferometry. Together, these will link together widely separated optical telescopes so they work as if they were a single instrument with extraordinarily sharp resolving power. Deep Space 3 will enable science applications of optical interferometry and other spacecraft formations in the decades to come. It will pave the way for future missions of NASA's Origins Program, including the Space Interferometry Mission and Terrestrial Planet Finder, whose respective goals are to detect planets orbiting other stars and to determine whether any of those newfound planets might harbor life. Gallagher, who earned a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering in 1982 from Purdue University, served as a design engineer for the IBM Corporation upon graduation and subsequently headed his own consulting firm for five years. Originally from Maryland, he, wife Katherine, and their three children live in La Canada, California. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology. ##### Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 22 февраля 1998 (1998-02-22) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Astronaut David Wolf To Discuss Mir Stay Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... Jennifer McCarter Headquarters, Washington, DC February 17, 1998 (Phone: 202/358-1639) Eileen M. Hawley/Ed Campion Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX (Phone: 281/483-5111) NOTE TO EDITORS: N98-15 WOLF TO DISCUSS MIR STAY Astronaut David Wolf, who recently completed 119 days as a crew member on the Mir space station, will discuss his mission with reporters at a press conference beginning at 9 a.m. EST Thursday, Feb. 19. This will be Wolf's first media availability since returning to Earth on board Endeavour on Jan. 31. Joining Wolf for the press conference will be Frank Culbertson, manager of the joint U.S./Russian Phase 1 program. The briefing will be held at NASA's Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX. Wolf was the sixth American to complete an extended stay on board the Mir. He spent a total of 128 days in space, as a member of the STS-86, Mir and STS-89 crews. Media may participate in the question-and-answer session at participating NASA centers. Media planning to attend the briefing in person should notify the Johnson Space Center newsroom no later than 4 p.m. Wednesday, Feb. 18, for badging and registration. The briefing will be carried live on NASA Television. NASA Television is available through the GE-2 satellite, transponder 9C located at 85 degrees West longitude, vertical polarization, with a frequency of 3880 MHz, and audio at 6.8 MHz. -end- Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 22 февраля 1998 (1998-02-22) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: NASA Outlines Plans To Study Feb 26 Solar Eclipse Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... Donald Savage Headquarters, Washington, DC February 18, 1998 (Phone: 202/358-1547) NOTE TO EDITORS: N98-17 NASA OUTLINES PLANS TO STUDY FEB. 26 TOTAL ECLIPSE The Feb. 26 total eclipse will be visible from a narrow corridor which begins in the Pacific, continues through the Caribbean and ends off the Atlantic coast of Africa. Much of the south and eastern U.S. will see a partial eclipse. NASA's plans to study the eclipse include: * Researchers from NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, will be among international teams of scientists who will observe the eclipse from Curacao, Guadeloupe, and Aruba, using solar telescopes to analyze the structure and magnetic activity of the Sun's corona. Scientists are available to discuss the upcoming solar eclipse. Contact Bill Steigerwald, Goddard Public Affairs Office, 301/286-8955 (see note below for live interviews on NASA TV). * The NASA/European Space Agency's (ESA) Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft will assist eclipse expeditions from around the world by making simultaneous observations during the eclipse that will reveal a more complete picture of what is occurring on the Sun. Contact Bill Steigerwald, Goddard Public Affairs Office, 301/286-8955. * The NASA/ESA Ulysses spacecraft, now in polar orbit around the Sun, will give scientists a "birds-eye view" of huge loops of solar material tearing away from the Sun's corona. These ejections of solar mass can be seen from ground-based observatories during solar eclipses, but Ulysses' orbit above the Sun's poles gives scientists another perspective from which to better understand these potentially dangerous storms. Ulysses scientists are available for interviews about the upcoming solar eclipse by contacting Diane Ainsworth in the Media Relations Office at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, 818/354-5011. NASA TV plans the following: * An eclipse preview Video File will run on NASA-TV several times in February. Elements in the Video File include animation showing the path of the eclipse, some safe eclipse viewing tips, and examples of how scientists use 'artificial' eclipses to study the Sun's corona. * NASA will offer live interviews with Art Poland of the SOHO team. Dr. Poland will give eclipse viewing tips & fun facts and explain how scientists use artificial eclipses to continuously monitor the Sun's corona. The Live Shots are scheduled the evening of Feb. 25 and the morning of Feb. 26. Contact Wade Sisler, Goddard Space Flight Center, 301/286-6256. * A time-lapse movie of the moon's shadow as it sweeps across the Earth will be taken by the GOES satellite during the four-hour event. If the images can be processed in time, NASA TV will broadcast a special edition of the Video File around 4- 5 p.m. EST. NASA Television is available through the GE-2 satellite, transponder 9C located at 85 degrees West longitude, vertical polarization, with a frequency of 3880 MHz, and audio at 6.8 MHz. - end - Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 22 февраля 1998 (1998-02-22) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Space Technology Used To Detect And Treate Heart Disease Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... Terri Hudkins Headquarters, Washington, DC February 20, 1998 (Phone: 202/358-1977) RELEASE: 98-32 SPACE TECHNOLOGY USED TO DETECT AND TREAT HEART DISEASE Astronauts who spend extended periods in space often experience weakening of their hearts and blood vessels. As doctors and researchers work to understand why this happens, many of their findings can be applied to heart disease. In the month of February, when people's attention turns to matters of the heart, and in recognition of American Heart Month, NASA today highlighted how its research and technology has led to breakthroughs in the understanding, diagnosis and treatment of heart disease -- the number one killer of American men and women. "I am proud that NASA research is helping doctors treat heart disease," said NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin. "This is a fascinating time for medical science, when the developments of our aeronautics and space programs can be applied to a disease that affects so many here on Earth." Some startling facts: * Heart disease is the leading cause of death of both men and women in the United States. * About 60 million Americans have high blood pressure. If left untreated, it can lead to heart attacks, stroke and other medical problems. * Until very recently, heart disease has not been recognized as a major risk for women. Since 1984, more women than men have died of heart disease. Whether researching ways to keep astronauts healthy in space or transferring aerospace technologies to industry, America's space program has helped revolutionize the practice of medicine. NASA's research on the cardiovascular system is leading to many breakthrough discoveries, testing procedures and treatments. Many are less painful, less costly, and less traumatic to patients. A few of today's space-derived improvements include blood pressure monitors, self-adjusting pacemakers, EKGs, exercise equipment and ultrasound images. The technology of tomorrow will include microwave surgery, tissue replacement, heart pumps, low radiation imaging, and fetal imaging. "Who would have dreamed that lasers used to measure Earth's ozone layer could be used to unclog arteries," Goldin continued. "If the past is our guide, our future in space will continue to advance medical science." NASA is working with the National Institutes of Health, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, dozens of hospitals, researchers and private companies. These collaborations have resulted in successful new programs to diagnose and treat heart disease. EDITOR'S NOTE: Information about four technologies in doctorsХ offices today and 13 technologies for the future is available at URL: http://www.nasa.gov/newsinfo/heart.html Background resource material for media representatives, including photos, video, and points of contact for interviews, is available by calling Elvia Thompson, NASA Headquarters Public Affairs, at 202/358-1696. - end - Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 22 февраля 1998 (1998-02-22) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Wes Huntress Announces His Departure From NASA Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... Donald Savage/Douglas Isbell Headquarters, Washington, DC February 18, 1998 (Phone: 202/358-1547) RELEASE: 98-31 HUNTRESS ANNOUNCES HIS DEPARTURE FROM NASA Dr. Wesley T. Huntress, Jr., NASA's Associate Administrator for Space Science, has announced his departure from the Agency in the near future. Huntress is responsible for NASA's programs in astrophysics, planetary exploration and space physics. "I have served in this position for more than five years now," Huntress said, "and it is simply time to move on." "Wes Huntress has presided over a revitalization of NASA's Space Science enterprise," NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin said. "Five years ago, the Hubble Space Telescope had problems, spacecraft costs were growing out of control, and serious budgetary threats were clouding NASA's future in space science. But during his tenure, thanks in no small part to the magnificent team he assembled at the field centers and NASA Headquarters, the Space Science enterprise has become one of NASA's crown jewels. "The Hubble Telescope has become the workhorse of cutting- edge astronomy, and planetary exploration is now the province of faster, better, cheaper missions such as Mars Pathfinder. Through these efforts, even with constrained budgetary possibilities in the years ahead, NASA will continue to be a world leader in exploring the worlds beyond Earth. Much of this achievement is due to the wisdom and skill of Wes Huntress. We shall miss him." Huntress was named to head the Office of Space Science in March 1993. He began his career at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, CA, as a National Research Council resident associate in the 1960s. He joined JPL permanently in 1969 as a research scientist specializing in ion chemistry and planetary atmospheres. Huntress and his research group gained international recognition for their pioneering studies of chemical evolution in interstellar clouds, comets and planetary atmospheres. NASA will begin a search for Huntress' replacement immediately. -end- Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 22 февраля 1998 (1998-02-22) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Cassini Update - February 20, 1998 Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... Cassini Significant Event Report For Week Ending 02/20/98 MSO Significant Events input for week of Friday, 02/13 through Thursday, 02/19: Spacecraft Status: The Cassini spacecraft is presently traveling at a speed relative to the sun of approximately 131,000 kilometers/hour (~82,000 mph) and has traveled approximately 324 million kilometers (~202 million miles) since launch last October 15. The most recent Spacecraft status is from the DSN tracking pass on Thursday, 02/19, over Madrid. The Cassini spacecraft is in an excellent state of health and is operating nominally, with the C6 sequence executing onboard. Inertial attitude control is being maintained using the spacecraft's hydrazine thrusters (RCS system). The spacecraft continues to fly in a High Gain Antenna-to-Sun attitude. It will maintain the HGA-to-Sun attitude, except for planned trajectory correction maneuvers, for the first 14 months of flight. Communication with Earth during early cruise is via one of the spacecraft's two low-gain antennas; the antenna selected depends on the relative geometry of the Sun, Earth and the spacecraft. The downlink telemetry rate is presently 40 bps. The spacecraft passed through Inferior Conjunction on February 9, with a minimum Sun-Earth-Spacecraft angle of 4.2 degrees. Because the spacecraft is held in a HGA-to-Sun attitude while in the inner solar system, the angle from the Earth to the spacecraft's LGA falls farther off the LGA boresight for the several weeks surrounding this geometric condition. During this period, the Deep Space Net transmitters and the spacecraft telecom subsystem are configured as necessary to direct signal strength either into Ranging for Navigation or telemetry for spacecraft health monitoring. The need for this additional management of spacecraft configuration ended on February 18. Spacecraft Activity Summary: From Friday, 02/13 through Tuesday, 02/17, the spacecraft was in the ranging- only (i.e. telemetry off) configuration with the exception of Saturday, 02/14, when telemetry was turned on for several hours to acquire a track of data to monitor spacecraft health. On Sunday, 02/15, the Solid State Recorder (SSR) record and playback pointers were reset, according to plan. This housekeeping activity, done approximately weekly, maximizes the amount of time that recorded engineering data is available for playback to the ground should an anomaly occur on the spacecraft. On Wednesday, updates to spacecraft mass value and RCS thruster parameters were sent to the spacecraft. These activities were performed as part of standard preparations for Trajectory Correction Maneuver #2, scheduled for February 25th. On Thursday, 02/19, there were no changes in spacecraft configuration. Upcoming spacecraft events: Events for the week of 02/20 through 02/26 include: a reset of the SSR pointers (02/20), uplink of the TCM #2 mini-sequence and a reset of the SSR pointers (02/24), execution and playback of the TCM #2 mini-sequence (02/25). DSN Coverage: Over the past week Cassini had 11 DSN tracks occurring daily from Friday (02/13), through Thursday (02/19). One of these was for telemetry-only and eight were for ranging-only. The final two passes of the past week had both ranging and telemetry, as the geometry of the Inferior Conjunction period is now behind us. In the coming week, in support of TCM-2, there will be 14 DSN passes. Letters of Agreement: Agreements on funding levels and major tasks for each of the 24 scientific investigations, including Program support for those investigations, have been or are being prepared. Agreement has now been reached and Letters of Agreement signed for 19 of the 24 investigations. The newest three include the Cosmic Dust Analyzer, the Cassini RADAR, and the Huygens Surface Science Package investigations. Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=

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