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    Архив RU.SPACE.NEWS за 27 июля 1998


    Дата: 27 июля 1998 (1998-07-27) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: STARDUST Update - July 17, 1998 Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... STARDUST Status Report July 17, 1998 Ken Atkins STARDUST Project Manager Assembly, Test, and Launch Operations (ATLO) activities: The Lockheed Marting Team completed the move to the Multiple Test Facility (MTF) on schedule -- July 11!! This move allowed weighing the spacecraft for the first time. The mass comes in at only 0.1 Kg over the "current best estimate" we have been carrying. The list of "best estimates" has been used over the life of the project to collect the detailed masses of everything (and I do mean everything) to be sure the spacecraft will fit within the launch rocket's boost capability. We have always worked hard to keep the ship as light as possible. But a table of the individual components can only be validated by actually "getting on the scale." So to have a very, very close match on this is just terrific. This is a significant accomplishment and puts the mass margin (what the Delta rocket can launch minus what Stardust weighs) in very good shape. Spin testing was successfully accomplished also this week showing that the ship will be as smooth as a top and without wobble when we separate from the rockets above the Earth's atmosphere. We want a "ballerina" up there when the move to the trajectory away from the Earth occurs. The Website Camera was moved along with the spacecraft and was off the air for a short time. Now when you are seeing the spacecraft, it is "rotated" to a 90 degree position which is consistent with the environmental tests to come. So you see the pink protective cover for the sample return capsules high-speed heat shield in the foreground. That cover will be removed for flight. For more information on the STARDUST mission - the first ever comet sample return mission - please visit the STARDUST home page: http://stardust.jpl.nasa.gov Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 27 июля 1998 (1998-07-27) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: National Geographic Presents "Return To Mars" Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... Media Advisory MARS PATHFINDER MISSION GETS A NEW LOOK: SEE THE RED PLANET in 3-D at nationalgeographic.com WHAT: Remember that cute little rover "Sojourner" scooting across the rocky Martian terrain last year? And the fabulous photographs of the Red Planet's landscapes the Pathfinder mission sent back to Earth? Well, now you can relive the expedition in 3-D at "Return to Mars" from Pathfinder's fiery plunge through the Martian atmosphere and its beachball landing to a virtual ride on the rover. Just pull out the 3-D glasses from the August issue of National Geographic magazine, included for its cover story on Mars. If you're not a member, you can order the magazine from the online store. Send a postcard from Mars and then, when you've returned to Earth, join a forum discussion on whether NASA should send a manned mission to the Red Planet. WHEN: Return to Mars starts July 17. WHERE: http://www.nationalgeographic.com/features/98/mars/ ### CONTACTS: Meredith Mansfield Connors Communications (212) 807-7500 meredith@connors.com Sarah Clark National Geographic Society (202) 828-5664 sclark@ngs.org Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 27 июля 1998 (1998-07-27) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Mars Surveyor 98 Update - July 24, 1998 Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... 1998 MARS SURVEYOR PROJECT STATUS REPORT July 24, 1998 John McNamee Mars Surveyor 98 Project Manager Mars Climate Orbiter: Orbiter integration and test activities are proceeding on schedule. The Pressure Modulator InfraRed Radiometer (PMIRR) optical chopper assembly has been rebuilt and delivered to JPL for thermal cycle testing. Reinstallation of the chopper on PMIRR is scheduled for July 30; this will be followed by a Mission System Test of the mapping phase. The orbiter pre-ship review is scheduled for August 14. All software builds for the orbiter for all mission phases are now complete with the delivery of build 6.5 (aerobraking phase) to integration and test on July 24. Mars Polar Lander: The lander spacecraft has been thoroughly checked and it has been determined that no damage to the vehicle occurred due to the latest incident involving the application of power to the T0 data line. Immediate and extensive actions have been implemented by the Project to reduce the probability that similar incidents will occur in the future. The lander was powered up on July 21 and system level Electromagnetic Compatibility testing was conducted successfully; the first such test involving the Thermal and Evolved Gas Analyzer (TEGA) flight instrument. The first lander Mission System Test of landed surface operations was run on the vehicle very successfully. All sequences required for thermal balance testing were run successfully on the vehicle in preparation for the start of landed thermal balance testing on July 25. All software builds for the lander for all mission phases are complete. For more information on the Mars Surveyor 98 mission, please visit our website: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msp98/ Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 27 июля 1998 (1998-07-27) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Sky & Telescope News Bulletin - July 24, 1998 Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... SKY & TELESCOPE'S NEWS BULLETIN JULY 24, 1998 PIONEERING ASTRONAUT DIES AT AGE 74 The first American to climb aboard a rocket and be launched above Earth's atmosphere has died. Astronaut Alan B. Shepard Jr. passed away early July 22nd at age 74. One of NASA's "original seven" Mercury astronauts, Shepard became the first American in space during the suborbital flight of Freedom 7 on May 5, 1961. He was subsequently grounded for several years because of an inner-ear problem, but then recovered to command the Apollo 14 mission in February 1971. He was the fifth human to walk on the Moon. A MISSING LINK PULSAR Two teams of astronomers have found what they call a pulsar "missing link." This neutron star spins 400 times a second, sends out beams of X-rays, and is orbiting a stellar companion. The discovery was made with NASA's Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) spacecraft. One group of researchers timed the pulsar's spin, and the other determined the binary's two-hour orbital period. Astronomers have thought that pulsars could be "spun up" as they pull in surrounding material. But until now, such fast-rotating "millisecond pulsars" have only been seen in isolation; this latest example is the first one to be detected with a companion. Gases are being drawn off the companion star's atmosphere into an accretion disk around the pulsar. Besides leeching material off its neighbor, the pulsar is also blasting the star with powerful beams of radiation expelled as the captured gases spiral onto the neutron star. This radiation further ablates the companion's atmosphere. Right now, the star is only about 15 percent as massive as our Sun -- eventually it will dissipate entirely. Once that happens and the accretion disk clears, the pulsar will no longer generate X-rays and will gradually slow down. Details of the studies appear in the July 23rd issue of Nature. GALILEO SAFES ITSELF The Jet Propulsion Laboratory reports that the Galileo spacecraft, in orbit around Jupiter, experienced a control glitch and put itself into a safe mode during its July 21st flyby of Europa. The command and data subsystem that balked, causing a switch to a backup system, was restarted on July 23rd. However, it will take several days to resume science-data transmission from the spacecraft. Nearly all data from the flyby, the fifth of Galileo's extended mission, was lost. Galileo is scheduled to make three more flybys of Europa; the next is September 26th. Europa is of intense interest to planetary scientists because of Galileo's earlier discovery of a possible subsurface ocean that could conceivably harbor some form of life. NEW MMT MIRROR CELL ON THE MOVE The formerly Multiple-Mirror Telescope atop Mt. Hopkins in Arizona has been out of service since March. The six 1.8-meter mirrors were removed to make room for a single 6.5-meter primary, and modifications to the telescope structure are nearly complete. On July 22nd, a day earlier than originally planned, the mirror and mirror cell combination were separated so the mirror cell could be transported to the mountain. The cell weighs 120 metric tons and consists of 100 arms that support the mirror. On the morning of the 27th, the 7.5-meter-wide (25-foot-wide) support mechanism will hog Interstate 19 as it lumbers from Tucson to Amado. The mirror itself is to be moved to the mountain in November and aluminized in December, with first light expected shortly thereafter. Astronomical observations will begin early next spring. THIS WEEK'S "SKY AT A GLANCE" Some daily events in the changing sky, from the editors of SKY & TELESCOPE. JULY 26 -- SUNDAY * Saturn is at western quadrature. For several months around this date, telescope users can see a narrow bit of the black shadow that Saturn casts onto its rings. Look for this black rim where the western side of the rings passes behind Saturn's globe. JULY 27 -- MONDAY * The red long-period variable star W Andromedae should be at maximum light (7th or 8th magnitude) around this date. JULY 28 -- TUESDAY * Look very high above the Moon around the end of twilight. The brightest star there is Arcturus. A similar distance to the right of Arcturus is the Big Dipper, with its bowl to the lower right and its handle to the upper left. JULY 29 -- WEDNESDAY * Spica shines to the lower left of the Moon this evening. JULY 30 -- THURSDAY * Around the end of twilight look due south, not very high, for the orange-red supergiant star Antares. Near it and to its upper right are fainter white stars of Scorpius. JULY 31 -- FRIDAY * First-quarter Moon (exact at 8:05 a.m. EDT). AUG. 1 -- SATURDAY * Today is Lammas, one of the four traditional "cross-quarter days" supposedly marking the halfway points between the solstices and equinoxes. (In fact August 7th is the actual midpoint between the June solstice and September equinox.) THIS WEEK'S PLANET ROUNDUP MERCURY is hidden in the glow of sunset. VENUS shines brightly (magnitude -3.9) low in the east-northeast during dawn. MARS appears near Venus in the dawn. Mars is faint (magnitude +1.6, only about 1/160 as bright as Venus), so use binoculars. Look for it to Venus's lower left. Watch the two planets pull closer together all week. They'll appear just 0.9 degree from each other on the mornings of August 4th and 5th. JUPITER rises shortly after the end of evening twilight. It's the brilliant "star" (magnitude -2.7) shining low in the east by about 11:30 p.m. daylight saving time. It's high in the south before dawn. Jupiter is at the Pisces-Aquarius border. SATURN, in eastern Pisces, rises around midnight. It's the dimmer "star" (magnitude +0.2) far to Jupiter's lower left during early morning hours. It's almost directly left of Jupiter by the start of morning twilight. The two planets appear about 35 degrees apart, 3 or 4 fist-widths at arm's length. URANUS and NEPTUNE, magnitudes 5.7 and 7.8 respectively, are in Capricornus, well up in the south-southeast by 11 p.m. See the finder chart in the May Sky & Telescope, page 96. PLUTO, magnitude 13.7, is near the Ophiuchus-Scorpius border in the south right after dark. See the finder chart in the May Sky & Telescope, page 97. The charts for Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto are also at http://www.skypub.com/whatsup/urnepl98.html. (All descriptions that relate to the horizon or zenith are written for the world's midnorthern latitudes. Descriptions that also depend on longitude are for North America. Eastern Daylight Time, EDT, equals Universal Time minus 4 hours.) More details, sky maps, and news of other celestial events appear each month in SKY & TELESCOPE, the essential magazine of astronomy. See our enormous Web site at http://www.skypub.com/. Clear skies! SKY & TELESCOPE, P.O. Box 9111, Belmont, MA 02478 * 617-864-7360 (voice) Copyright 1998 Sky Publishing Corporation. S&T's Weekly News Bulletin and Sky at a Glance stargazing calendar are provided as a service to the astronomical community by the editors of SKY & TELESCOPE magazine. Widespread electronic distribution is encouraged as long as these paragraphs are included. But the text of the bulletin and calendar may not be published in any other form without permission from Sky Publishing (contact permissions@skypub.com or phone 617-864-7360). Illustrated versions, including active links to related Internet resources, are available via SKY Online on the World Wide Web at http://www.skypub.com/. In response to numerous requests, and in cooperation with the Astronomical League (http://www.mcs.net/~bstevens/al/) and the American Association of Amateur Astronomers (http://www.corvus.com/), S&T's Weekly News Bulletin and Sky at a Glance are available via electronic mailing list too. For a free subscription, send e-mail to skyline@gs1.revnet.com and put the word "join" on the first line of the body of the message. To unsubscribe, send e-mail to skyline@gs1.revnet.com and put the word "unjoin" on the first line of the body of the message. SKY & TELESCOPE, the Essential Magazine of Astronomy, is read by more than 200,000 enthusiasts each month. It is available on newsstands worldwide. For subscription information, or for a free copy of our catalog of fine astronomy books and products, please contact Sky Publishing Corp., P.O. Box 9111, Belmont, MA 02478-9111, U.S.A. Phone: 800-253-0245 (U.S. and Canada); 617-864-7360 (International). Fax: 617-864-6117. E-mail: custserv@skypub.com. SKY Online: http://www.skypub.com/. Clear skies! Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 27 июля 1998 (1998-07-27) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Space Calendar - July 25, 1998 [1/5] Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... Welcome to the Space Calendar! This Space Calendar covers space-related activities and anniversaries for the upcoming year. It is also available on the World Wide Web at: http://newproducts.jpl.nasa.gov/calendar/ The WWW version of the Space Calendar includes over 1,000 links to related home pages. This calendar is compiled and maintained by Ron Baalke. Please send any updates or corrections to baalke@kelvin.jpl.nasa.gov. Note that launch dates are subject to change at any time. Also, note that anniversary dates are listed in 5 year increments only. The following people have contributed to this month's calendar: Philippe Berth, Yoshiro Yamada, Roberto Somma, Gene Brusin, Kurt Donaldson, Patrick French, Matt Taylor, Mark Ryne ========================= SPACE CALENDAR July 25, 1998 ========================= * indicates changes from last month's calendar. July 1998 Jul 25 - Asteroid 4021 Dancey Closest Approach To Earth (1.143 AU) Jul 25 - Asteroid 3553 Mera Closest Approach To Earth (1.407 AU) * Jul 25 - Kuiper Belt Object KR65 At Opposition (42.720 AU - 23.4 Magnitude) Jul 25 - 25th Anniversary (1973), Mars 5 Launch (USSR Mars Orbiter Mission) Jul 26 - Asteroid 1998 ME3 Near-Earth Flyby (0.120 AU) Jul 26 - Asteroid 6742 Biandepei Closest Approach To Earth (1.052 AU) * Jul 26 - Kuiper Belt Object 1998 KG62 At Opposition (43.761 AU - 23.0 Magnitude) Jul 26 - 35th Anniversary (1963), Syncom 2 Launch, 1st Geosynchronous Satellite * Jul 27 - Kuiper Belt Object 1998 KS65 At Opposition (41.269 AU - 23.7 Magnitude) Jul 27 - Kuiper Belt Object 1998 KY61 At Opposition (44.803 AU - 24.1 Magnitude) Jul 28 - 25th Anniversary (1973), Skylab-3 Launch Jul 29 - South Delta-Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak * Jul 29 - Asteroid 1998 MX5 Near-Earth Flyby (0.179 AU) Jul 29 - Asteroid 1998 HL3 Near-Earth Flyby (0.246 AU) * Jul 30 - Ziyuan-1/Cbers-1 Long March 4B Launch (China) * Jul 31 - Comet C/1998 M6 (Montani) Closest Approach To Earth (4.981 AU) August 1998 Aug ?? - Sky One Atlas IIAS Launch Aug ?? - ORBCOMM-3 Pegasus XL Launch Aug ?? - Globalstar-3 Zenit 2 Launch * Aug ?? - Iridium Long March 2C/SD Launch * Aug 01 - ORBCOMM-2 Pegasus XL Launch Aug 01 - Alpha Capricornids Meteor Shower Peak Aug 01 - Asteroid 980 Anacostia at Opposition (10.7 Magnitude) Aug 01 - Asteroid 1474 Beira Closest Approach to Earth (1.788 AU) Aug 01 - Maria Mitchell's 180th Birthday (1818) Aug 02 - Asteroid 29 Amphitrite at Opposition (9.2 Magnitude) Aug 02 - Asteroid 490 Veritas Occults TAC -214637 (11.2 Magnitude Star) Aug 02 - Asteroid 1993 OZ2 Closest Approach to Earth (1.096 AU) Aug 03 - Uranus at Opposition Aug 03 - Asteroid 13 Egeria at Opposition (10.9 Magnitude) * Aug 03 - Asteroid 1998 MY5 Near-Earth Flyby (0.236 AU) * Aug 03 - Asteroid 1994 CK1 Near-Earth Flyby (0.238 AU) * Aug 04 - DOD US Air Force Titan 4 Launch Aug 04 - Venus Passes 0.8 Degrees From Mars Aug 04 - Asteroid 7341 (1991 VK) Closest Approach to Earth (1.638 AU) Aug 05 - 25th Anniversary (1973), Mars 6 Launch (USSR) Aug 06 - Southern Iota Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak Aug 06 - Asteroid 1998 EC3 Closest Approach to Earth (0.455 AU) Aug 07 - Asteroid 1989 OB Closest Approach to Earth (0.855 AU) Aug 07 - Asteroid 1997 GZ3 Closest Approach to Earth (1.500 AU) * Aug 08 - JCSat 6 Atlas IIAS Launch Aug 08 - Asteroid 1990 DA Closest Approach To Earth (1.738 AU) Aug 08 - 20th Anniversary (1978), Pioneer Venus 2 Launch (Venus Atmospheric Probes) Aug 09 - Asteroid 71 Niobe at Opposition (10.6 Magnitude) Aug 09 - Asteroid 1566 Icarus Closest Approach To Earth (1.032 AU) Aug 09 - Asteroid 4618 Shakhovskoj Closest Approach To Earth (1.506 AU) Aug 09 - Asteroid 7478 Hasse Closest Approach To Earth (1.622 AU) Aug 09 - 25th Anniversary (1973), Mars 7 Launch (USSR) Aug 10 - Venus Occults 79782 (6.9 Magnitude Star) Aug 10 - Asteroid 4886 (1981 EZ14) Closest Approach to Earth (2.113 AU) Aug 11 - Moon Occults Jupiter Aug 11 - Comet Peters-Hartley Perihelion (1.624 AU) * Aug 11 - Asteroid 1998 ML14 Near-Earth Flyby (0.019 AU) Aug 12 - Perseids Meteor Shower Peak Aug 12 - 20th Anniversary (1978), ISEE-3/ICE Launch (Comet Mission) Aug 13 - NEAR, 1st Optical Navigation Image Of Eros * Aug 13 - TM-28 Soyuz Launch (Russia) * Aug 13 - Comet C/1998 M2 (LINEAR) Perihelion (2.727 AU) Aug 13 - 100th Anniversary (1898), Discovery of Asteroid Eros Aug 14 - Comet Faye Closest Approach To Earth (1.950 AU) Aug 14 - Asteroid 576 Emanuela Occults TAC +115897 (10.2 Magnitude Star) Aug 14 - Asteroid 1994 AB1 Closest Approach To Earth (1.493 AU) * Aug 15 - Deadline For STARDUST Name Submission Aug 15 - Progress M-40/Znamya-2.5 Soyuz U Launch (Russia) Aug 15 - Comet C/1997 J2 Meunier-Dupouy Closest Approach to Earth (2.494 AU) Aug 16 - Asteroid 1991 FA Closest Approach To Earth (1.100 AU) Aug 17 - Comet Mueller 3 Closest Approach to Earth (2.207 AU) * Aug 18 - Asteroid 1998 OK1 Near-Earth Flyby (0.252 AU) Aug 18 - 5th Anniversary (1993), 1st Test Flight of the Delta Clipper (DC-X) Aug 19 - Asteroid 1987 OA Near-Earth Flyby (0.1019 AU) Aug 19 - Asteroid 3199 Nefertiti Closest Approach to Earth (0.916 AU) Aug 19 - Asteroid 7350 (1993 VA) Closest Approach to Earth (1.414 AU) Aug 19 - Asteroid 6858 (1990 ST10) Closest Approach To Earth (1.563 AU) Aug 21 - Asteroid 469 Argentina Occults SAO 210535 (9.1 Magnitude Star) Aug 21 - Asteroid 6223 Dahl Closest Approach To Earth (1.470 AU) Aug 21 - Asteroid 5393 Goldstein Closest Approach To Earth (1.597 AU) Aug 22 - Annular Eclipse, Visible From Indian Ocean Aug 22 - Asteroid 4034 (1986 PA) Near-Earth Flyby (0.327 AU) Aug 23 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #52 (OTM-52) * Aug 24 - Galaxy 10 Delta 3 Launch * Aug 24 - SCD-2/Wing Glove Pegasus XL Launch Aug 24 - Asteroid 354 Eleonora at Opposition (10.7 Magnitude) Aug 24 - Asteroid 3756 Ruscannon Closest Approach To Earth (1.265 AU) Aug 24 - Asteroid 6350 Schluter Closest Approach To Earth (1.890 AU) Aug 25 - ST-1 Ariane 4 Launch * Aug 25 - Astra-2A Proton Launch Aug 25 - Comet Shoemaker-Levy 7 Perihelion (1.697 AU) Aug 25 - Comet Russell 1 Perihelion (2.182 AU) Aug 25 - Northern Iota Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak Aug 25 - Asteroid 6378 (1987 SE13) Closest Approach To Earth (1.904 AU) Aug 26 - NEAR, Trajectory Correction Maneuver #14 (TCM-14) Aug 27 - Mercury Passes 2.2 Degrees From Venus Aug 27 - Uranus Occults PPM 237981 (9.5 Magnitude Star) Aug 28 - Asteroid 1036 Ganymed Occults TAC +541187 (9.9 Magnitude Star) Aug 28 - 5th Anniversary (1993), Galileo Flyby of Ida Aug 29 - Asteroid 6800 Saragamine Closest Approach To Earth (1.503 AU) Aug 30 - Venus Occults 98676 (8.0 Magnitude Star) Aug 30 - 15th Anniversary (1983), STS-8 Launch (Challenger), Insat 1B * Aug 31 - Iridium 10 Delta 2 Launch Aug 31 - Mercury at Greatest Western Elongation (18 Degrees) Aug 31 - Asteroid 1998 FF14 Near-Earth Flyby (0.372 AU) Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 27 июля 1998 (1998-07-27) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Space Calendar - July 25, 1998 [2/5] Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... September 1998 Sep ?? - Mars Global Surveyor, Aerobraking Phase 2 Begins Sep ?? - JawSat Minuteman II Launch * Sep ?? - Ikean O-N1/Tiungsat 1 Zenit 2 Launch (Russia) Sep 01 - Comet C/1998 K2 (LINEAR) Perihelion (2.323 AU) * Sep 01 - Comet C/1998 K1 (Mueller) Perihelion (3.416 AU) Sep 01 - Asteroid 7480 Norwan Near-Earth Flyby (0.332 AU) Sep 01 - Asteroid 6745 Nishiyama Closest Approach To Earth (1.393 AU) Sep 02 - Asteroid 5499 (1981 SU2) Closest Approach To Earth (1.084 AU) Sep 03 - Asteroid 7324 Carret Closest Approach To Earth (1.455 AU) Sep 05 - Mercury at Perihelion Sep 05 - Jupiter Occults PPM 207856 (9.9 Magnitude Star) Sep 05 - Asteroid 4038 Kristina Closest Approach To Earth (1.108 AU) Sep 06 - Asteroid 1997 MW1 Near-Earth Flyby (0.223 AU) Sep 06 - Asteroid 5462 (1984 SX5) Closest Approach To Earth (1.231 AU) Sep 06 - Kuiper Belt Object 1997 RT5 at Opposition (41.368 AU - 23.2 Magnitude) Sep 06 - Kuiper Belt Object 1996 RR20 at Opposition (42.449 AU - 23.4 Magnitude) Sep 06 - 10th Anniversary (1988), 1st Launch of the CZ-4 Launcher (China) Sep 07 - Moon Occults Jupiter Sep 07 - Venus at Perihelion Sep 07 - Kuiper Belt Object 1997 RX9 at Opposition (40.912 AU - 24.2 Magnitude) Sep 09 - Asteroid 45 Eugenia Occults GSC 12820410 (10.9 Magnitude Star) Sep 09 - 20th Anniversary (1978), Venera 11 Launch (Soviet Venus Lander) Sep 10 - Asteroid 804 Hispania at Opposition (10.6 Magnitude) Sep 10 - Asteroid 1036 Ganymed Occults TAC +491415 (10. Magnitude Star) Sep 10 - Kuiper Belt Object 1995 QY9 at Opposition (28.506 AU - 21.6 Magnitude) Sep 11 - Mercury Passes 0.3 Degrees From Venus Sep 12 - Asteroid 1994 TW1 Closest Approach to Earth (1.515 AU) Sep 12 - 5th Anniversary (1993), STS-51 Launch (Discovery), ACTS Sep 13 - Asteroid 4809 (1928 RB) Closest Approach To Earth (0.923 AU) Sep 14 - Mercury Occults 118535 (7.8 Magnitude Star) Sep 14 - 30th Anniversary (1968), Zond 5 Launch (Soviet Moon Mission) Sep 14 - 20th Anniversary (1978), Venera 12 Launch (Soviet Venus Lander) Sep 15 - Panamsat-7 Ariane 4 Launch * Sep 15 - UHF-F9 Atlas 2A Launch Sep 15 - Asteroid 3400 Aotearoa Closest Approach To Earth (1.215 AU) * Sep 16 - Nimiq-1 Proton Launch (Russia) Sep 16 - Jupiter at Opposition Sep 16 - Asteroid 2 Pallas at Opposition (8.2 Magnitude) Sep 16 - Asteroid 3687 Dzus Closest Approach To Earth (1.229 AU) * Sep 17 - Asteroid 1998 MK30 Near-Earth Flyby (0.395 AU) Sep 18 - Asteroid 1991 RB Near-Earth Flyby (0.0401 AU) Sep 18 - Asteroid 6564 Asher Closest Approach To Earth (1.499 AU) Sep 19 - Moon Occults Venus Sep 19 - Asteroid 5645 (1990 SP) Closest Approach To Earth (0.624 AU) Sep 19 - Asteroid 1237 Genevieve Closest Approach To Earth (1.425 AU) Sep 19 - Kuiper Belt Object 1997 QH4 at Opposition (40.320 AU - 22.6 Magnitude) Sep 19 - 10th Anniversary (1988), Offeq-1 Launch, 1st Israeli Space Launch Sep 19 - 150th Anniversary (1848), William Bond's Discovery of Saturn Moon Hyperion Sep 20 - Moon Occults Mercury Sep 20 - Asteroid 1998 FL3 Near-Earth Flyby (0.050 AU) Sep 20 - Asteroid 5786 Talos Closest Approach to Earth (0.943 AU) Sep 20 - Kuiper Belt Object 1997 QJ4 at Opposition (33.804 AU - 22.9 Magnitude) Sep 20 - 5th Anniversary (1993), 1st Launch of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV - India) Sep 21 - Asteroid 1994 XZ4 Closest Approach To Earth (0.870 AU) Sep 21 - Asteroid 6346 (1995 AY) Closest Approach To Earth (1.683 AU) Sep 21 - Asteroid 4044 Erikhog Closest Approach To Earth (1.783 AU) Sep 22 - Kuiper Belt Object 1997 TX8 at Opposition (31.047 AU - 23.1 Magnitude) Sep 22 - Kuiper Belt Object 1996 TO66 at Opposition (44.834 AU - 20.6 Magnitude) Sep 23 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #53 (OTM-53) Sep 23 - Autumnal Equinox, 05:37 UT Sep 23 - Kuiper Belt Object 1993 RO at Opposition (30.492 AU - 22.9 Magnitude) * Sep 24 - Nozomi (Planet-B), 1st Moon Flyby Sep 24 - STEX/ATEx Taurus Launch Sep 25 - Kuiper Belt Object 1994 TB at Opposition (29.128 AU - 21.8 Magnitude) Sep 26 - Galileo, Europa 17 Flyby Sep 26 - 5th Anniversary (1993), Posat 1 Launch, 1st Portuguese Satellite Sep 26 - 15th Anniversary (1983), Soviet Soyuz T-10A Explodes on Launch Pad, Cosmonauts Save By Launch Escape System Sep 27 - Comet Howell Perihelion (1.406 AU) Sep 27 - Kuiper Belt Object 1997 RL13 at Opposition (43.517 AU - 26.0 Magnitude) * Sep 28 - NEAR, 2nd Optical Navigation Image Of Eros * Sep 29 - Wide Field Infrared Explorer (WIRE) Pegasus XL Launch Sep 29 - Asteroid 521 Brixia at Opposition (11.0 Magnitude) Sep 29 - Kuiper Belt Object 1993 SC at Opposition (33.640 AU - 22.4 Magnitude) Sep 29 - Kuiper Belt Object 1996 TK66 at Opposition (41.873 AU - 23.3 Magnitude) Sep 29 - 10th Anniversary (1988), STS-26 Launch (Discovery), TDRS 3, 1st Post-Challenger Shuttle Mission Sep 30 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #54 (OTM-54) Sep 30 - Asteroid 1998 KU2 Near-Earth Flyby (0.159 AU) Sep 30 - Kuiper Belt Object 1996 TR66 at Opposition (34.448 AU - 23.0 Magnitude) October 1998 Oct ?? - Fengyun-1C Long March 4B Launch (China) Oct 01 - Orion F3 Delta 3 Launch Oct 01 - Asteroid 236 Honoria at Opposition (10.5 Magnitude) Oct 01 - Kuiper Belt Object 1992 QB1 at Opposition (39.906 AU - 23.1 Magnitude) Oct 01 - NASA's 40th Birthday (1958) Oct 03 - Afristar/Sirius 3 Ariane 4 Launch Oct 04 - Moon Occults Jupiter Oct 04 - Asteroid 185 Eunike at Opposition (10.9 Magnitude) Oct 04 - Asteroid 532 Herculina at Opposition (10.7 Magnitude) Oct 04 - Kuiper Belt Object 1993 SB at Opposition (30.112 AU - 22.9 Magnitude) Oct 05 - Hot Bird 5 Atlas 2AS Launch Oct 05 - Asteroid 14 Irene at Opposition (10.6 Magnitude) Oct 06 - Kuiper Belt Object 1996 RQ20 at Opposition (38.550 AU - 22.9 Magnitude) * Oct 07 - IKONOS-1 Athena 2 Launch Oct 07 - Kuiper Belt Object 1997 SZ10 at Opposition (30.617 AU - 23.5 Magnitude) Oct 07 - Kuiper Belt Object 1995 QZ9 at Opposition (33.987 AU - 22.9 Magnitude) * Oct 08 - Telstar-6 Proton Launch Oct 08 - Ejnar Hertzsprung's 125th Birthday (1873) Oct 09 - Draconids Meteor Shower Peak Oct 09 - Kuiper Belt Object 1996 SZ4 at Opposition (29.285 AU - 22.7 Magnitude) Oct 10 - Comet McNaught-Hughes Closest Approach to Earth (1.707 AU) Oct 10 - 15th Anniversary (1983), Venera 15 Venus Orbit Insertion Oct 11 - Asteroid 1998 FR11 Near-Earth Flyby (0.346 AU) Oct 11 - 30th Anniversary (1968), Apollo 7 Launch Oct 11 - Wilhelm Olbers' 240th Birthday (1758) Oct 13 - ARD Ariane-503 Launch Oct 13 - British Interplanetary Society's 65th Birthday (1933) Oct 14 - NEAR, Trajectory Correction Maneuver #15 (TCM-15) Oct 14 - Comet Lovas 1 Perihelion (1.692 AU) Oct 14 - Asteroid 1036 Ganymed Closest Approach to Earth (0.464 AU) Oct 14 - 15th Anniversary (1983), Venera 16 Venus Orbit Insertion Oct 15 - Deep Space 1 Delta Launch (Asteroid/Mars/Comet Flyby Mission) Oct 15 - Asteroid 6047 (1991 TB1) Near-Earth Flyby (0.375 AU) * Oct 15 - Comet C/1998 M6 (Montani) Perihelion (5.970 AU) Oct 16 - Moon Occults Mars Oct 16 - Comet Klemola Closest Approach to Earth (1.522 AU) Oct 17 - Asteroid 44 Nysa at Opposition (9.8 Magnitude) Oct 18 - 5th Anniversary (1993), STS-58 Launch Oct 20 - Asteroid 1991 PM5 Closest Approach To Earth (0.951 AU) Oct 20 - Kuiper Belt Object 1996 TP66 at Opposition (25.403 AU - 20.7 Magnitude) Oct 21 - Orionid Meteor Shower Peak Oct 22 - Asteroid 409 Aspasia Occults SAO 75073 (9.9 Magnitude Star) Oct 22 - Kuiper Belt Object 1996 TQ66 at Opposition (33.604 AU - 21.9 Magnitude) Oct 23 - Eutelsat-W2 Ariane-4 Launch Oct 23 - Saturn at Opposition Oct 24 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #55 (OTM-55) Oct 25 - Daylight Savings - Set Clock Back 1 Hour (USA) Oct 25 - Asteroid 106 Dione at Opposition (10.7 Magnitude) Oct 25 - Asteroid 2099 Opik Closest Approach To Earth (0.492 AU) Oct 26 - Asteroid 20 Massalia at Opposition (8.8 Magnitude) Oct 26 - Asteroid 674 Rachele at Opposition (11.0 Magnitude) Oct 27 - Asteroid 1989 NA Closest Approach To Earch (1.524 AU) Oct 27 - 25th Anniversary (1973), Canon City Meteorite Fall (Hit Garage) Oct 28 - Asteroid 7358 (1995 YA3) Closest Approach to Earth (0.438 AU) Oct 28 - Asteroid 1508 Kemi Closest Approach to Earth (1.201 AU) Oct 29 - STS-95 Launch, Endeavour, Spacehab-SM * Oct 29 - Panamsat 8 Proton Launch Oct 29 - Comet C/1998 M1 (LINEAR) Perihelion (3.110 AU) Oct 29 - Asteroid 1994 TA Closest Approach to Earth (15.923 AU - 23.7 Magnitude) Oct 30 - Galaxy 11 Zenit 3SL Launch Oct 30 - Kuiper Belt Object 1996 TL66 at Opposition (34.099 AU - 20.4 Magnitude) Oct 31 - Moon Occults Jupiter Oct 31 - Asteroid 6 Hebe Occults GSC 6255-1346 (9.2 Magnitude Star) Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 27 июля 1998 (1998-07-27) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Space Calendar - July 25, 1998 [3/5] Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... November 1998 Nov 01 - QuikSCAT (Quick Scatterometer) Titan II Launch Nov 01 - Asteroid 102 Miriam Occults SAO 164159 (8.7 Magnitude Star) Nov 01 - Asteroid 576 Emanuela Occults TAC +096711 (10.4 Magnitude Star) Nov 01 - Kuiper Belt Object 1996 TS66 at Opposition (37.825 AU - 21.9 Mag) Nov 01 - 35th Anniversary (1963), Polyot 1 Launch (USSR), 1st Spacecraft With Extensive Maneuver Capability Nov 03 - Taurids Meteor Shower Peak Nov 03 - 25th Anniversary (1973), Mariner 10 Launch (Venus/Mercury Flyby Mission) Nov 05 - Asteroid 15 Eunomia at Opposition (7.9 Magnitude) Nov 07 - Comet Takamizawa Perihelion (1.585 AU) Nov 08 - Asteroid 51 Nemausa at Opposition (10.7 Magnitude) Nov 08 - Asteroid 4055 Magellan Closest Approach to Earth (0.983 AU) Nov 08 - 30th Anniversary (1968), Pioneer 9 Launch * Nov 09 - Terriers/Mublcom Pegasus XL Launch Nov 09 - Asteroid 69 Hesperia at Opposition (10.8 Magnitude) Nov 09 - Mercury Occults 184412 (7.8 Magnitude Star) Nov 10 - Asteroid 46 Hestia at Opposition (10.7 Magnitude) Nov 10 - 30th Anniversary (1968), Zond 6 Launch (Soviet Moon Flyby Mission) Nov 11 - Mercury Greatest Eastern Elongation (22 Degrees) Nov 12 - Asteroid 1998 MQ Closest Approach To Earth (0.464 AU) Nov 13 - Insat-2E/GE-5 Ariane 4 Launch Nov 13 - Moon Occults Mars Nov 13 - Asteroid 145 Adeona Occults PPM 736551 (10.9 Magnitude Star) Nov 13 - 20th Anniversary (1978), HEAO 2 Launch (Einstein X-Ray Observatory) Nov 15 - 10th Anniversary (1988), 1st & Only Buran Launch (Soviet Space Shuttle) Nov 15 - William Herschell's 260th Birthday (1738) Nov 16 - Comet C/1998 G1 (LINEAR) Perihelion (2.132 AU) Nov 16 - 25th Anniversary (1973), Skylab-4 Launch Nov 17 - Leonids Meteor Shower Peak (Potential Meteor Storm) Nov 18 - Asteroid 270 Anahita at Opposition (10.7 Magnitude) Nov 19 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #56 (OTM-56) Nov 19 - Bonum-1 Delta 2 Launch Nov 19 - Comet Kowal-Vavorva Perihelion (2.575 AU) Nov 20 - FGB (Functional Cargo Block) Proton-K Launch (Element of the International Space Station) Nov 20 - Asteroid 532 Herculina Occults PPM 709785 (9.8 Magnitude Star) Nov 21 - Comet Giacobini-Zinner Perihelion (1.034 AU) Nov 21 - Asteroid 45 Eugenia Occults SAO 94447 (8.4 Magnitude Star) Nov 22 - Galileo, Europa 18 Flyby Nov 23 - Asteroid 3753 (1986 TO) Near-Earth Flyby (0.313 AU) Nov 24 - MCI 1 Atlas 2AS Launch Nov 24 - Asteroid 1865 Cerberus Near-Earth Flyby (0.1634 AU) Nov 25 - Asteroid FG3 Near-Earth Flyby (0.0384 AU) Nov 26 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #57 (OTM-57) Nov 26 - Asteroid 5 Astraea at Opposition (9.8 Magnitude) Nov 26 - Asteroid 1627 Ivar Closest Approach To Earth (1.209 AU) Nov 27 - Comet Giacobini-Zinner Closest Approach To Earth (0.850 AU) Nov 28 - Moon Occults Jupiter Nov 28 - Mercury Passes 0.25 Degrees From Venus Nov 28 - Asteroid 42 Isis at Opposition (10.6 Magnitude) Nov 28 - Asteroid 1989 UR Near-Earth Flyby (0.058 AU) Nov 28 - Comet P/1997 T3 (Lagerkvist-Carsenty) Closest Approach To Earth (3.457 AU) Nov 28 - Kuiper Belt Object 1994 VK8 at Opposition (42.519 AU - 22.9 Magnitude) Nov 28 - 15th Anniversary (1983), STS-9 Launch (Columbia), 1st Flight of Spacelab (ESA) Nov 29 - Asteroid 1 Ceres at Opposition (7.0 Magnitude) Nov 29 - Asteroid 1992 RN1 Closest Approach To Earth (1.486 AU) December 1998 Dec ?? - ROCSAT Athena 1 Launch Dec ?? - EOS AM-1 Atlas IIAS Launch Dec ?? - Chinasat-8 Long March 3B Launch Dec 02 - SATMEX 5 Ariane 4 Launch Dec 02 - Kuiper Belt Object YY3 at Opposition (29.786 AU - 23.3 Magnitude) Dec 02 - Mercury at Perihelion Dec 02 - 10th Anniversary (1988), STS-27 Launch (Atlantis), DOD Classified Mission Dec 02 - 5th Anniversary (1993), STS-61 Launch (Endeavour), 1st Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission Dec 03 - STS-88 Launch, Endeavour, 1st Space Station Assembly Flight Dec 03 - Cassini, Deep Space Maneuver (TCM-5) Dec 04 - Venus Occults 185332 (7.8 Magnitude Star) Dec 04 - Asteroid 1866 Sisypus Near-Earth Flyby (0.338 AU) Dec 04 - 20th Anniversary (1978), Pioneer Venus, Venus Orbit Insertion Dec 05 - 25th Anniversary (1973), Pioneer 10, Jupiter Flyby Dec 06 - Asteroid 3362 Khufu Near-Earth Flyby (0.364 AU) Dec 06 - 40th Anniversary (1958), Pioneer 3 Launch (Moon Flyby Mission) Dec 07 - Cassini at Aphelion (1.58 AU) Dec 07 - Comet Lovas 1 Closest Approach To Earth (0.870 AU) Dec 08 - Asteroid 1985 UJ Closest Approach To Earth (0.922 AU) Dec 08 - Asteroid 1994 SE Closest Approach To Earth (1.379 AU) Dec 09 - Asteroid 6524 Baalke at Opposition (1.251 AU - 15.0 Magnitude) Dec 09 - 20th Anniversary (1978), Pioneer Venus 2 Landing on Venus Dec 10 - Mars Climate Orbiter Delta 2 Launch (Mars Orbiter) Dec 11 - Asteroid 52 Europa at Opposition (10.2 Magnitude) Dec 11 - Asteroid 245 Vera Occults SAO 77824 (10.2 Magnitude Star) Dec 11 - Asteroid 3122 Florence Closest Approach to Earth (1.092 AU) * Dec 12 - Tempo Proton Launch (Russia) Dec 12 - Asteroid 7480 Norwan Near-Earth Flyby (0.360 AU) Dec 12 - Kuiper Belt Object 1995 WY2 at Opposition (46.432 AU - 23.7 Magnitude) Dec 13 - ICO Atlas 2AS Launch * Dec 13 - Asteroid 6318 Cronkite Closest Approach To Earth (0.588 AU) Dec 14 - Asteroid 4957 Brucemurray Closest Approach to Earth (0.718 AU) Dec 14 - Asteroid 3288 Seleucus Closest Approach To Earth (1.439 AU) Dec 15 - TSX-5 Pegasus XL Launch Dec 17 - LORAL Atlas 2 Launch Dec 17 - Argos/Orsted/Sunsat Delta 2 Launch Dec 17 - 95th Anniversary (1903), Wright Brothers' 1st Airplane Flight * Dec 18 - Nozomi (Planet-B), 2nd Moon Flyby * Dec 18 - DOD US Air Force Titan 4B Launch Dec 18 - 40th Anniversary (1958), Score Launch (1st Telecommunication Satellite) Dec 20 - NEAR, 1st Eros Rendezvous Braking Maneuver (RND-1) * Dec 20 - Nozomi (Planet-B), Earth Gravity Assist Dec 20 - Mercury At Its Greatest Western Elongation (21 Degrees) Dec 20 - Asteroid 3352 McAuliffe Near-Earth Flyby (0.396 AU) Dec 20 - 1st Day Of Ramadan Dec 21 - 20th Anniversary (1978), Venera 12 Venus Flyby/Landing Dec 21 - 30th Anniversary (1968), Apollo 8 Launch Dec 22 - Panamsat-6B Ariane 4 Launch Dec 22 - Winter Solstice, 01:55 UT Dec 22 - Comet Shoemaker-Levy 7 Closest Approach to Earth (1.098 AU) Dec 22 - Asteroid 245 Vera Occults SAO 77608 (8.8 Magnitude Star) Dec 23 - Cassini, Probe Checkout #3 Dec 23 - Comet C/1998 G1 (LINEAR)</a> Cosest Approach to Earth (1.982 AU) Dec 24 - Asteroid 49 Pales Occults PPM 206242 (9.5 Magnitude Star) Dec 25 - Moon Occults Jupiter Dec 25 - 20th Anniversary (1978), Venera 11 Venus Flyby/Landing Dec 26 - NEAR, Initial Search For Eros Satellites Dec 26 - Asteroid 7474 (1992 TC) Closest Approach To Earth (0.577 AU) Dec 27 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #58 (OTM-58) Dec 28 - NEAR, 2nd Eros Rendezvous Braking Maneuver (RND-2) Dec 28 - NEAR, 3rd Eros Rendezvous Braking Maneuver (RND-3) Dec 29 - Asteroid 132 Aethra at Opposition (10.9 Magnitude) January 1999 Jan ?? - Asiastar/Telkom-1 Ariane 504 Launch Jan ?? - UHF-F10 Atlas 2 Launch Jan 01 - Asteroid 6053 (1993 BW3) Closest Approach To Earth (0.585 AU) Jan 02 - 40th Anniversary (1959), Luna 1 Launch (1st Moon Mission) Jan 03 - Mars Polar Lander Delta 2 Launch Jan 03 - NEAR, 4th Eros Rendezvous Braking Maneuver (RND-4) Jan 03 - Quadrantids Meteor Shower Peak Jan 04 - Earth at Perihelion (0.983 AU From Sun) Jan 05 - Venus Passes 1.7 Degrees From Neptune Jan 05 - 30th Anniversary (1969), Venera 5 Launch (Soviet Venus Lander) Jan 09 - Cassini At Opposition Jan 09 - Asteroid 5261 Eureka Closest Approach To Earth (0.700 AU) Jan 10 - NEAR, Asteroid Eros Orbit Insertion Jan 10 - 30th Anniversary (1969), Venera 6 Launch (Soviet Venus Lander) Jan 11 - Comet Tsuchinshan 2 Closest Approach to Earth (0.875 AU) Jan 13 - Venus Passes 0.9 Degrees From Uranus Jan 13 - Mars Occults 139407 (7.1 Magnitude Star) Jan 13 - Comet Harrington-Abell Closest Approach To Earth (0.802 AU) Jan 13 - Olin Wilson's 90th Birthday (1909) Jan 15 - Kuiper Belt Object 1997 CU29 at Opposition (43.808 AU - 23.0 Magnitude) Jan 16 - 30th Anniversary (1969), 1st Manned Vehicle Docking & 1st Crew Exchange (Soyuz 4 & 5) Jan 17 - Kuiper Belt Object 1997 CS29 at Opposition (42.620 - 21.4 Magnitude) Jan 18 - Asteroid 1991 VE Near-Earth Flyby (0.1434 AU) Jan 20 - NEAR, OCM-1, Eros Orbit 401x200 km Jan 21 - STS-93 Launch, Space Shuttle Columbia, AXAF-1 Jan 21 - Kuiper Belt Object 1997 CW29 at Opposition (41.495 AU - 22.8 Magnitude) * Jan 24 - Comet C/1998 M5 (LINEAR) Perihelion (1.747 AU) Jan 25 - SWAS (Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite) Pegasus XL Launch Jan 25 - 5th Anniversary (1994), Clementine Launch (Moon Orbiter) Jan 25 - 35th Anniversary (1963), Echo 2 Launch, 1st Joint US-USSR Program Jan 27 - NEAR, OCM-2, Eros Orbit 205x195 km Jan 27 - Mercury Passes 2.2 Degrees From Neptune Jan 27 - Comet Harrington-Abell Perihelion (1.758 AU) Jan 28 - Cassini, Trajectory Correction Maneuver #6 (TCM-6) Jan 29 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #59 (OTM-59) Jan 29 - 10th Anniversary (1989), Phobos 2 Mars Orbit Insertion Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 27 июля 1998 (1998-07-27) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Space Calendar - July 25, 1998 [4/5] Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... February 1999 Feb ?? - ADEOS II H-2 Launch (Japan) Feb ?? - Arabsat 3A/Skynet 4E Ariane 4 Launch Feb 01 - Galileo, Europa 19 Flyby Feb 01 - Comet Bowell-Skiff Closest Approach To Earth (1.211 AU) Feb 02 - Mercury Passes 1.5 Degrees From Uranus Feb 03 - 5th Anniversary (1994), STS-60 Launch (Discovery), 1st Russian Cosmonaut on Space Shuttle, Wake Shield Facility Feb 03 - 5th Anniversary (1994), Maiden Flight of NASDA H-2 Launch Vehicle (Japan) Feb 03 - 15th Anniversary (1984), STS-41B Launch (Challenger), 1st Untethered Spacewalk (Manned Maneuvering Unit) Feb 04 - Kuiper Belt Object 1995 DB2 at Opposition (39.299 AU - 23.5 Magnitude) Feb 05 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #60 (OTM-60) Feb 05 - NEAR, OCM-3, Eros Orbit 205x85 km * Feb 05 - Asteroid 1992 KD At Opposition Feb 05 - Kuiper Belt Object 1995 DA2 at Opposition (33.070 AU - 23.3 Magnitude) Feb 05 - Kuiper Belt Object 1997 CT29 at Opposition (43.893 AU - 21.5 Magnitude) Feb 05 - 25th Anniversary (1974), Mariner 10 Venus Flyby Feb 06 - STARDUST Delta 2 Launch (Comet Sample Return Mission) Feb 06 - Asteroid 2061 Anza Closest Approach To Earth (1.867 AU) Feb 07 - Kuiper Belt Object 1997 CR29 at Opposition (41.011 AU - 22.7 Magnitude) Feb 08 - Kuiper Belt Object 1997 CV29 at Opposition (39.590 AU - 23.1 Magnitude) Feb 08 - 5th Anniversary (1994), Maiden Flight of CZ-3A Launcher (China) Feb 10 - Asteroid 4596 (1981 QB) Closest Approach To Earth (1.131 AU) Feb 10 - 25th Anniversary (1974), Mars 4 Mars Flyby (Soviet Union) Feb 11 - Pluto Crosses Neptune's Orbit And Becomes the Farthest Planet From the Sun Feb 12 - NEAR, OCM-4, Eros Orbit 102x99 km Feb 12 - 25th Anniversary (1974), Mars 5 Mars Flyby (Soviet Union) * Feb 15 - IKONOS 2 Athena 2 Launch * Feb 15 - Asteroid 10 Hygiea At Opposition Feb 15 - Galileo Galilei's 435th Birthday (1564) Feb 16 - Annular Eclipse, Visible From Central Australia Feb 16 - Chinese New Year Feb 17 - Moon Occults Mercury Feb 18 - Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) Delta 2 Launch Feb 22 - NEAR, OCM-5, Eros Orbit 510x98 km Feb 23 - Venus Passes 0.1 Degrees From Jupiter Feb 25 - 30th Anniversary (1969), Mariner 6 Launch (Mars Flyby Mission) Feb 25 - 50th Anniversary (1949), WAC Corporal Launch Feb 27 - NEAR, OCM-6, Eros Orbit 500x100 km Feb 27 - Kuiper Belt Object 1997 CQ29 at Opposition (40.142 AU - 22.6 Magnitude) Feb 28 - Mercury at Perihelion Feb 28 - Kuiper Belt Object 1995 DC2 at Opposition (40.172 AU - 23.5 Magnitude) Feb 28 - 40th Anniversary (1959), Discoverer 1 Launch (1st Polar Orbiter) March 1999 Mar ?? - Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Mapping Begins Mar ?? - CATSAT Ultralite Launch Mar ?? - Landsat 7 Delta 2 Launch Mar ?? - Intelsat K-TV Ariane 4 Launch Mar 03 - Mercury At Its Greatest Eastern Elongation (18 Degrees) Mar 03 - 30th Anniversary (1969), Apollo 9 Launch Mar 03 - 40th Anniversary (1959), Pioneer 4 Launch (1st US Moon Flyby) Mar 05 - Kuiper Belt Object 1994 ES2 at Opposition (44.307 AU - 24.0 Magnitude) Mar 05 - 20th Anniversary (1979), Voyager 1 Flyby of Jupiter Mar 08 - Comet Tsuchinshan 2 Perihelion (1.771 AU) Mar 09 - NEAR, OCM-7, Eros Orbit 165x50 km Mar 09 - Comet Skiff-Kosai Perihelion (2.789 AU) Mar 09 - 25th Anniversary (1974), Mars 7 Mars Flyby (Soviet Union) * Mar 10 - Comet C/1998 M5 (LINEAR) Closest Approach To Earth (1.534 AU) Mar 12 - Asteroid 1864 Daedalus Closest Approach To Earth (1.331 AU) Mar 12 - 25th Anniversary (1974), Mars 6 Mars Flyby/Landing (Soviet Union) Mar 14 - Albert Einstein's 120th Birthday (1879) Mar 15 - NEAR, OCM-8, Eros Orbit 56x49 km Mar 16 - Comet Shoemaker 1 Perihelion (1.979 AU) Mar 18 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #61 (OTM-61) Mar 18 - Asteroid 6047 (1991 TB1) Near-Earth Flyby (0.1632 AU) Mar 19 - Venus Passes 2.4 Degrees From Saturn Mar 21 - Vernal Equinox, 01:46 UT Mar 21 - Comet Mueller 3 Perihelion (3.010 AU) Mar 21 - Kuiper Belt Object 1994 GV9 at Opposition (41.230 AU - 23.2 Magnitude) Mar 22 - Galileo Enters Solar Conjunction Mar 26 - Asteroid 1992 SK Near-Earth Flyby (0.0560 AU) Mar 27 - 30th Anniversary (1969), Mariner 7 Launch (Mars Flyby Mission) Mar 28 - Pierre Simon Laplace's 250th Birthday (1749) * Mar 29 - Asteroid 12 Victoria At Opposition Mar 29 - 25th Anniversary (1974), Mariner 10, 1st Mercury Flyby Mar 30 - NEAR, OCM-9, Eros Orbit 55x33 km April 1999 Apr ?? - Russian Service Module Proton Launch (International Space Station Element) * Apr ?? - Eutelsat-W3/Insat 3B Ariane 505 Launch * Apr ?? - Astra-2B Ariane 4 Launch * Apr ?? - GPS IIR-3 Delta 2 Launch Apr 01 - Asteroid 1863 Antinous Near-Earth Flyby (0.1894 AU) Apr 02 - 40th Anniversary (1959), Selection Of The Mercury 7 Astronauts Apr 03 - Comet Schorr Perihelion (2.847 AU) Apr 04 - Easter Sunday Apr 04 - Daylight Savings - Set Clock Ahead 1 Hour (North America) Apr 06 - Comet Singer-Brewster Perihelion (2.032 AU) Apr 07 - Kuiper Belt Object 1993 FW at Opposition (40.975 AU - 23.2 Magnitude) Apr 08 - STS-97 Launch, Discovery, International Space Station 4 Apr 08 - Cassini, Trajectory Correction Maneuver #7 (TCM-7) Apr 08 - Kuiper Belt Object 1995 HM5 at Opposition (31.060 AU - 23.0 Magntude) Apr 08 - 35th Anniversary (1964), Gemini 1 Launch (Unmanned) Apr 10 - Galileo Exits Solar Conjunction Apr 10 - Moon Occults Neptune Apr 11 - Moon Occults Uranus Apr 11 - Venus Occults 76150 (7.7 Magnitude Star) Apr 12 - Asteroid 1580 Betulia Closest Approach To Earth (1.291 AU) Apr 12 - 150th Anniversary (1849), de Gasparis' Discovery of Asteroid Hygiea Apr 14 - Moon Occults Mercury Apr 14 - Christian Huygens' 370th Birthday (1629) Apr 16 - Mercury at Greatest Western Elongation (27.5 Degrees) Apr 16 - Kuiper Belt Object 1994 EV3 at Opposition (43.701 AU - 23.5 Magnitude) Apr 20 - Lyrids Meteor Shower Peak Apr 20 - Venus at Perihelion Apr 21 - Asteroid 3103 Eger Closest Approach To Earth (1.021 AU) Apr 24 - Mars At Opposition Apr 25 - NEAR, OCM-10, Eros Orbit 35x35 km Apr 26 - Comet Shoemaker-Levy 6 Closest Approach To Earth (2.066 AU) Apr 27 - Asteroid 1989 ML Near-Earth Flyby (0.2520 AU) * Apr 27 - Comet Bowell-Skiff Perihelion (1.972 AU) Apr 27 - Kuiper Belt Object 1994 JQ1 at Opposition (41.9 AU - 23.3 Magnitude) Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=
    Дата: 27 июля 1998 (1998-07-27) От: Alexander Bondugin Тема: Space Calendar - July 25, 1998 [5/5] Привет всем! Вот, свалилось из Internet... May 1999 May ?? - Earth Orbiter 1 (EO-1) Delta 2 Launch May ?? - Iridium 11 Delta 2 Launch * May ?? - Panamsat 1R Ariane 4 Launch May 01 - Mercury Passes 1.6 Degrees From Jupiter May 01 - 50th Anniversary (1949), Kuiper's Discovery of Nereid (Neptune Moon) May 02 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #62 (OTM-62) May 02 - Comet Shoemaker-Levy 6 Perihelion (1.135 AU) May 04 - Comet Forbes Perihelion (1.446 AU) May 04 - 10th Anniversary (1989), Magellan Launch (Venus Orbiter) May 05 - Galileo, Callisto 20 Flyby May 05 - Eta Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak May 06 - Comet Faye Perihelion (1.657 AU) May 07 - Moon Occults Neptune May 08 - Moon Occults Uranus May 09 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #63 (OTM-63) May 13 - STS-96 Launch, Endeavour, ISS-2 (Spacehab-DM), Logistics Carrier May 13 - Mercury Passes 0.6 Degrees From Saturn May 16 - 30th Anniversary (1969), Venera 5 Venus Impact May 17 - 30th Anniversary (1969), Venera 6 Venus Impact May 18 - Jupiter at Perihelion * May 18 - Asteroid 8405 (1995 GO) At Opposition (7.985 AU - 18.5 Magnitude) May 18 - 2060 Chiron at Oppositon (8.445 AU - 16.1 Magnitude) May 18 - 30th Anniversary (1969), Apollo 10 Launch May 21 - Venus Occults 78995 (7.5 Magnitude Star) May 21 - Venus Occults 79012 (7.7 Magnitude Star) May 21 - Asteroid 1998 HD14 Near-Earth Flyby (0.264 AU) * May 23 - Asteroid 27 Euterpe At Opposition May 27 - Mercury at Perihelion May 28 - 35th Anniversary (1964), 1st Launch of the Saturn 1 Rocket May 29 - Kuiper Belt Object 1994 JS at Opposition (34.136 AU - 23.4 Magnitude) May 29 - 25th Anniversary (1974), Luna 22 Launch (Soviet Moon Orbiter) May 30 - Pluto at Opposition June 1999 Jun 02 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #64 (OTM-64) * Jun 02 - Asteroid 6489 Golevka Near-Earth Flyby (0.0500 AU) Jun 03 - Cassini, Trajectory Correction Maneuver #8 (TCM-8) Jun 03 - Moon Occults Neptune Jun 04 - Moon Occults Uranus Jun 04 - Kuiper Belt Object 1994 JR1 at Opposition (33.757 AU - 22.9 Magnitude) Jun 05 - John Couch Adams' 180th Birthday (1819) Jun 07 - Asteroid 8567 (1996 HW1) Closest Approach To Earth (1.046 AU) Jun 10 - NEAR, OCM-11, Eros Orbit 55x34 km Jun 10 - Asteroid 1995 LG Closest Approach To Earth (0.958 AU) Jun 10 - Kuiper Belt Object 1996 KV1 at Opposition (39.729 AU - 23.1 Magnitude) Jun 11 - Venus at Greatest Eastern Elongation (45 Degrees) Jun 11 - Comet Singer-Brewster Closest Approach To Earth (1.110 AU) * Jun 12 - Asteroid 56 Melete At Opposition Jun 13 - Jet Propulsion Lab's 55th Birthday (1944) Jun 16 - Asteroid 1685 Toro Closest Approach To Earth (0.757 AU) Jun 17 - STS-92 Launch, Atlantis, ISS-3 (3-Person Permanent Habitation) Jun 17 - NEAR, OCM-12, Eros Orbit 51x49 km Jun 21 - Summer Solstice (19:49 UT) Jun 24 - Cassini, 2nd Venus Flyby Jun 25 - NEAR, OCM-14, Eros Orbit 50x49 km Jun 26 - Comet Kowal-Vavrova Closest Approach To Earth (2.091 AU) Jun 27 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #65 (OTM-65) Jun 27 - Comet Ge-Wang Perihelion (2.496 AU) Jun 28 - Venus Occults 98625 (7.8 Magnitude Star) Jun 29 - Cassini at Perihelion (0.72 AU) Jun 30 - Galileo, Callisto 21 Encounter July 1999 * Jul ?? - Space Station Mir Deorbited? * Jul ?? - ENVISAT Ariane 5 Launch * Jul 01 - Giotto, Earth Flyby? * Jul 01 - Moon Occults Neptune * Jul 02 - NEAR, OCM-15, Eros Orbit 52x49 km * Jul 02 - Moon Occults Uranus * Jul 04 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #66 (OTM-66) * Jul 04 - Cassini, Trajectory Correction Maneuver #9 (TCM-9) * Jul 05 - Earth At Aphelion (1.017 AU From Sun) * Jul 09 - 20th Anniversary (1979), Voyager 2 Flyby Of Jupiter * Jul 11 - 20th Anniversary (1979), Skylab Re-Enters Into Earth's Atmosphere * Jul 12 - Comet Tempel 2 Closest Approach To Earth (0.654 AU) * Jul 13 - 30th Anniversary (1969), Luna 15 Launch (Soviet Moon Sample Return) * Jul 16 - 5th Anniversary (1994), Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 Impacts Jupiter * Jul 16 - 30th Anniversary (1969), Apollo 11 Launch (1st Manned Moon Landing) * Jul 19 - Cassini, Trajectory Correction Maneuver #10 (TCM-10) * Jul 20 - 30th Anniversary (1969), 1st Man On The Moon * Jul 21 - 30th Anniversary (1969), Luna 15 Impact On Moon * Jul 22 - Galileo, Orbital Trim Maneuver #67 (OTM-67) * Jul 22 - NEAR, OCM-16, Eros Orbit 50x40 km * Jul 22 - Freidrich Bessel's 215th Birthday (1784) * Jul 25 - Neptune At Opposition * Jul 27 - Kuiper Belt Object KR65 At Opposition (42.782 AU - 23.4 Magnitude) * Jul 28 - Deep Space 1, Asteroid 1992 KD Encounter * Jul 28 - Lunar Eclipse * Jul 28 - Moon Occults Neptune * Jul 28 - Kuiper Belt Object 1998 KS65 At Opposition (41.214 AU - 23.7 Magnitude) * Jul 28 - Kuiper Belt Object 1998 KG62 At Opposition (43.761 AU - 23.0 Magnitude) * Jul 28 - Kuiper Belt Object 1986 KY61 At Opposition (44.803 AU - 24.1 Magnitude) * Jul 28 - 35th Anniversary (1964), Ranger 7 Launch (Moon Impact Mission) * Jul 29 - NEAR, OCM-17, Eros Orbit 46x42 km * Jul 29 - South Delta-Aquarids Meteor Shower Peak * Jul 29 - Moon Occults Uranus * Jul 31 - Asteroid 4341 Poseidon Closest Approach To Earth (1.546 AU) * Jul 31 - 30th Anniversary (1969), Mariner 6 Mars Flyby ___ _____ ___ /_ /| /____/ \ /_ /| Ron Baalke | baalke@kelvin.jpl.nasa.gov | | | | __ \ /| | | | Jet Propulsion Lab | ___| | | | |__) |/ | | |__ Pasadena, CA | Two wrongs don't make a right, /___| | | | ___/ | |/__ /| | but two Wrights made an |_____|/ |_|/ |_____|/ | airplane. Hа сегодня все, пока! =SANA=

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